Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2011

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number 000-51064

 

 

GREAT WOLF RESORTS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   51-0510250

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

525 Junction Road, Suite 6000 South

Madison, Wisconsin 53717

  53717
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(608) 662-4700

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock was 32,562,073 as of November 4, 2011.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2011

INDEX

 

     Page
No.
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)

     4   

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010

     4   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September  30, 2011 and 2010

     5   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010

     6   

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     7   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     32   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     51   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     52   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     53   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     53   

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     53   

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     53   

Item 4. [Removed and Reserved]

     53   

Item 5. Other Information

     53   

Item 6. Exhibits

     53   

Signatures

     54   

 

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Table of Contents

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Some of the statements contained or that may be included in this report or in information we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, are or may be deemed to be forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are subject to the safe harbor created by the Private Securities Litigation Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, including, among others, statements regarding our future financial results or position, business strategy, projected levels of growth, projected costs and projected financing needs, are forward-looking statements. Those statements include statements regarding our intent, belief or current expectations and those of the members of our management team, as well as the assumptions on which such statements are based, and generally are identified by the use of words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “could,” “plan,” “objective,” “predict,” “project,” “potential,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “seeks,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “should” or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties that actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Such factors include, but are not limited to, competition in our market, changes in family vacation patterns and consumer spending habits, regional or national economic downturns or other economic disruptions, our ability to attract a significant number of guests from our target markets, economic conditions in our target markets, the impact of fuel costs and other operating costs, our ability to develop new resorts in desirable markets or further develop existing resorts on a timely and cost efficient basis, our ability to manage growth, including the expansion of our infrastructure and systems necessary to support growth, our ability to manage cash and obtain additional cash required for growth, the general tightening in the U.S. lending markets, potential accidents or injuries at our resorts, decreases in travel due to pandemic or other widespread illness, our ability to achieve or sustain profitability, downturns in our industry segment and extreme weather conditions, reductions in the availability of credit to indoor waterpark resorts generally or to us and our subsidiaries, increases in operating costs and other expense items and costs, uninsured losses or losses in excess of our insurance coverage, our ability to protect our intellectual property, trade secrets and the value of our brands, and current and possible future legal restrictions and requirements. Further descriptions of these risks, uncertainties, and other matters can be found in our annual report and other reports filed from time to time with the SEC, including but not limited to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010. We caution that the foregoing list of important factors is not complete, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statement that we may make.

We believe these forward-looking statements are reasonable; however, undue reliance should not be placed on any forward-looking statements, which are based on current expectations. All written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. Further, forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results over time unless otherwise required by law. Past financial or operating performance is not necessarily a reliable indicator of future performance and you should not use our historical performance to anticipate results or future period trends.

 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

GREAT WOLF RESORTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

     September 30,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 34,532      $ 36,988   

Escrows

     3,841        1,283   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $6 and $13

     4,137        3,278   

Accounts receivable — affiliate

     2,514        3,764   

Inventory

     7,148        6,871   

Other current assets

     10,073        4,619   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     62,245        56,803   

Property and equipment, net

     586,401        623,958   

Investments in and advances to affiliates

     24,977        25,131   

Other assets

     29,470        38,649   

Intangible assets

     26,690        26,697   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 729,783      $ 771,238   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ 67,841      $ 70,083   

Accounts payable

     3,978        8,499   

Accounts payable — affiliate

     9        4   

Accrued interest payable

     14,241        8,085   

Accrued expenses

     22,397        20,434   

Advance deposits

     9,311        7,472   

Other current liabilities

     5,382        7,416   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     123,159        121,993   

Mortgage debt

     369,110        390,289   

Other long-term debt

     80,545        91,926   

Deferred compensation liability

     1,361        1,260   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     574,175        605,468   

Commitments and contingencies

    

Great Wolf Resorts stockholders’ equity:

    

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 250,000,000 shares authorized; 32,566,573 and 32,339,125 shares issued and outstanding

     326        323   

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding

     —          —     

Additional paid-in-capital

     404,094        402,952   

Accumulated deficit

     (248,586     (237,296

Deferred compensation

     (200     (200
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. stockholders’ equity

     155,634        165,779   

Noncontrolling interest

     (26     (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     155,608        165,770   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 729,783      $ 771,238   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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GREAT WOLF RESORTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

     Three months ended
September 30,
    Nine months ended
September 30,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenues:

        

Rooms

   $ 50,340      $ 45,643      $ 137,358      $ 124,842   

Food and beverage

     12,829        12,023        36,020        34,415   

Other

     12,920        12,726        35,638        32,385   

Management and other fees

     912        917        2,319        2,111   

Management and other fees — affiliates

     957        900        2,984        2,880   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     77,958        72,209        214,319        196,633   

Other revenue from managed properties

     2,969        2,984        8,751        8,555   

Other revenue from managed properties — affiliates

     2,624        2,725        8,091        8,178   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     83,551        77,918        231,161        213,366   

Operating expenses by department:

        

Rooms

     6,676        6,153        19,299        17,709   

Food and beverage

     9,318        8,641        27,067        25,294   

Other

     9,743        9,261        28,305        25,535   

Other operating expenses:

        

Selling, general and administrative

     15,356        15,833        49,261        47,961   

Property operating costs

     8,544        8,485        25,824        24,897   

Depreciation and amortization

     14,799        13,715        41,362        44,879   

Loss on disposition of assets

     330        —          1,368        19   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     64,766        62,088        192,486        186,294   

Other expenses from managed properties

     2,969        2,984        8,751        8,555   

Other expenses from managed properties — affiliates

     2,624        2,725        8,091        8,178   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     70,359        67,797        209,328        203,027   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net operating income

     13,192        10,121        21,833        10,339   

Investment income — affiliates

     (220     (267     (682     (832

Interest income

     (50     (58     (156     (488

Interest expense

     11,969        12,228        36,174        33,332   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     1,493        (1,782     (13,503     (21,673

Income tax expense

     39        62        5,175        421   

Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

     (184     (46     (667     (69
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     1,638        (1,798     (18,011     (22,025

Discontinued operations, net of tax

     105        (740     (6,704     (182
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     1,533        (1,058     (11,307     (21,843

Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     18        (65     (17     (25
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.

   $ 1,515      $ (993   $ (11,290   $ (21,818
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) per share of common stock basic and diluted:

        

Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax

   $ 0.05      $ (0.05   $ (0.58   $ (0.71

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     0.00      $ 0.02      $ 0.22      $ 0.01   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per common share

   $ 0.05      $ (0.03   $ (0.36   $ (0.70
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     31,372,496        31,035,048        31,299,375        30,957,698   

Diluted

     32,275,928        31,035,048        31,299,375        30,957,698   

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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GREAT WOLF RESORTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands)

 

     Nine months ended
September 30,
 
     2011     2010  

Operating activities:

    

Net loss

   $ (11,307   $ (21,843

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     41,463        44,936   

Bad debt expense

     38        205   

Non-cash employee compensation and professional fees expense

     1,638        1,606   

Loss on disposition of assets

     1,368        19   

Gain on disposition of property included in discontinued operations

     (6,667     —     

Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     (653     (68

Deferred tax expense (benefit)

     4,380        (366

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable and other assets

     (3,207     (1,905

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

     216        9,929   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     27,269        32,513   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities:

    

Capital expenditures for property and equipment

     (7,720     (7,626

Loan repayment from unconsolidated affiliates

     807        1,225   

Investment in affiliate

     —          (8

Investment in development

     (316     (498

Proceeds from the sale of a discontinued operation

     4,200        —     

Proceeds from sale of assets

     2        15   

Cash acquired in acquisition of Creative Kingdoms, LLC

     —          324   

(Increase) decrease in restricted cash

     (1,910     4,223   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (4,937     (2,345
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities:

    

Principal payments on long-term debt

     (79,239     (216,414

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

     56,000        219,337   

Payment of loan costs

     (1,549     (10,901
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (24,788     (7,978
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (2,456     22,190   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     36,988        20,913   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 34,532      $ 43,103   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information:

    

Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest

   $ 30,095      $ 22,508   

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds

   $ 662      $ 523   

Non-cash items:

    

Loan cost accruals

   $ —        $ 1,238   

Conversion of note receivable and accrued interest to equity investment

   $ —        $ 9,963   

Transfer of fixed assets to inventory

   $ 1,883      $ —     

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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GREAT WOLF RESORTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

1. ORGANIZATION

The terms “Great Wolf Resorts,” “us,” “we,” “our” and “Company” are used in this report to refer to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Business Summary

We are a family entertainment resort company that provides our guests with a high quality vacation at an affordable price. We are the largest owner, licensor, operator and developer in North America of drive-to, destination family resorts featuring indoor waterparks and other family-oriented entertainment activities based on the number of resorts in operation. Each of our resorts features approximately 300 to 600 family suites, each of which sleeps from six to ten people and includes a wet bar, microwave oven, refrigerator and dining and sitting area. We provide a full-service entertainment resort experience to our target customer base: families with children ranging in ages from 2 to 14 years old that live within a convenient driving distance of our resorts. Our resorts are open year-round and provide a consistent, comfortable environment where our guests can enjoy our various amenities and activities. We operate and license resorts under our Great Wolf Lodge® brand name. We have entered into licensing and management arrangements with third parties relating to the operation of resorts under the Great Wolf Lodge brand name.

We provide our guests with a self-contained vacation experience and focus on capturing a significant portion of their total vacation spending. We earn revenues through the sale of rooms (which includes admission to our indoor waterpark), and other revenue-generating resort amenities. Each of our resorts features a combination of the following revenue-generating amenities: themed restaurants, ice cream shop and confectionery, full-service adult spa, kid spa, game arcade, gift shop, miniature golf, interactive game attraction, family tech center and meeting space. We also generate revenues from licensing fees, management fees and other fees with respect to our operation or development of properties owned in whole or in part by third parties.

The following table presents an overview of our portfolio of resorts. As of September 30, 2011, we operated, managed and/or had licensing arrangements relating to the operation of 11 Great Wolf Lodge resorts (our signature Northwoods-themed resorts). We anticipate that most of our future resorts will be licensed and/or developed under our Great Wolf Lodge brand, but we may operate and/or enter into licensing arrangements with other resorts using different brands in appropriate markets.

 

     Ownership
Percentage
    Opened      Number of
Guest
Suites
     Number
of
Condo
Units (1)
     Indoor
Entertainment
Area (2)
 
                                (approx. sq. ft.)  

Wisconsin Dells, WI (3)

     —          1997         308         77         102,000   

Sandusky, OH (3)

     —          2001         271         —           41,000   

Traverse City, MI

     100     2003         280         —           57,000   

Kansas City, KS

     100     2003         281         —           57,000   

Williamsburg, VA (4)

     100     2005         405         —           87,000   

Pocono Mountains, PA (4)

     100     2005         401         —           101,000   

Niagara Falls, ONT (5)

     —          2006         406         —           104,000   

Mason, OH (4)

     100     2006         401         —           105,000   

Grapevine, TX (4)

     100     2007         605         —           110,000   

Grand Mound, WA (6)

     49     2008         398         —           74,000   

Concord, NC (4)

     100     2009         402         —           97,000   

 

(1) Condominium units are individually owned by third parties and are managed by us.
(2) Our indoor entertainment areas generally include our indoor waterpark, game arcade, children’s activity room, family tech center, MagiQuest® (an interactive game attraction) and fitness room, as well as our spa in the resorts that have such amenities.
(3) These properties are owned by CNL Lifestyle Properties, Inc. (CNL), a real estate investment trust focused on leisure and lifestyle properties. We currently manage both properties and license the Great Wolf Lodge brand to these resorts.

 

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(4) Five of our properties (Great Wolf Lodge resorts in Williamsburg, VA; Pocono Mountains, PA; Mason, OH; Grapevine, TX and Concord, NC) each had a book value of fixed assets equal to ten percent or more of our total assets as of September 30, 2011 and each of those five properties had total revenues equal to ten percent or more of our total revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011.
(5) An affiliate of Ripley Entertainment, Inc. (Ripley), our licensee, owns this resort. We have granted Ripley a license to use the Great Wolf Lodge name for this resort through April 2016.
(6) This property is owned by a joint venture. The Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation (Chehalis) own a 51% interest in the joint venture, and we own a 49% interest. We operate the property and license the Great Wolf Lodge brand to the joint venture under long-term agreements through April 2057, subject to earlier termination in certain situations. The joint venture leases the land for the resort from the United States Department of the Interior, which is trustee for Chehalis.

On March 24, 2011 we sold our Blue Harbor Resort in Sheboygan, WI. We continue to license the Blue Harbor Resort and related trade names to the buyer at no fee. As of March 24, 2011, we no longer operated this resort or managed the condominium units there.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

General — We have prepared these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements according to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Accordingly, we have omitted certain information and footnote disclosures that are normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP). The December 31, 2010 consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements, accompanying notes and other information included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal and recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial condition and results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions. Such estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, as well as the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Our actual results could differ from those estimates. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year.

Certain 2010 amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2011 presentation.

 

   

On our condensed consolidated balance sheet, we have reclassified and presented as a separate line item accrued interest payable, which was previously included with accrued expenses;

 

   

As a result of the sale of our Blue Harbor Resort, we have included the operations and gain on sale of this resort in discontinued operations in our condensed consolidated statements of operations; and

 

   

On our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows, we have reclassified the change in escrows to present them as a part of the change in restricted cash, where before we presented that change in escrows as a separate line item.

Principles of Consolidation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all of the accounts of Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.

Goodwill — The excess of the purchase price of entities that are considered to be purchases of businesses over the estimated fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. We are required to assess goodwill for impairment annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. We assess goodwill for such impairment by comparing the carrying value of our reporting units to their fair values. We determine our reporting units’ fair values using a discounted cash flow model.

In connection with the acquisition of the majority interest in Creative Kingdoms, LLC (CK) in 2010 we have recorded $1,366 of goodwill. Goodwill is included within intangible assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

 

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     September 30,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 

Goodwill related to the acquisition of the majority interest in CK

   $ 1,366       $ 1,366   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,366       $ 1,366   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Noncontrolling Interests — We record the non-owned equity interests of our consolidated subsidiaries as a separate component of our consolidated equity on our condensed consolidated balance sheet. The net earnings attributable to the controlling and noncontrolling interests are included on the face of our statements of operations. Due to our acquisition of CK in 2010 we have a consolidated subsidiary with a noncontrolling interest.

Discontinued Operations — We record the results of the operations of an entity that has been disposed of as a discontinued operation in the consolidated statements of operations when the operations and cash flows of the entity have been eliminated from the ongoing operations and we do not have any significant continuing involvement in the operations of the entity after the disposal transaction. During the three months ended March 31, 2011 we disposed of our Blue Harbor Resort property and have included that property’s operations and gain on sale in discontinued operations for all periods presented. The operations of Blue Harbor Resort were formerly included in our Resort Ownership/Operation segment.

Income Taxes — At the end of each interim reporting period, we estimate the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year. We use that estimated effective tax rate in providing for income taxes on a year-to-date basis. We account for the tax effect of significant unusual or extraordinary items in the period in which they occur. We account for major changes in our valuation allowance within continuing operations in the period in which they occur. During the nine months ended September 30, 2011, we increased our valuation allowance by $4,772 as a result of the sale of our Blue Harbor Resort in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. The increase was due to uncertainties related to our ability to utilize some of our deferred tax assets generated as a result of that sale, primarily consisting of certain net operating loss carryforwards, before they expire.

Segments — We are organized into a single operating division. Within that operating division, we have two reportable segments:

 

 

Resort ownership/operation-revenues derived from our consolidated owned resorts; and

 

 

Resort third-party management/licensing-revenues derived from management, license and other related fees from unconsolidated managed resorts.

The following summarizes significant financial information regarding our segments:

 

     Resort
Ownership/
Operation
    Resort
Third-Party
Management
/License
     Other     Totals per
Financial
Statements
 

Three months ended September 30, 2011

         

Revenues

   $ 74,194      $ 7,462       $ 1,895      $ 83,551   
         

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

     (14,045     —           (754     (14,799

Net operating income

     11,243        1,868         81        13,192   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —           —          (220

Interest income

     —          —           —          (50

Interest expense

     —          —           —          11,969   
         

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     —          —           —        $ 1,493   
         

 

 

 

Additions to long-lived assets

     2,400        —           146      $ 2,546   
         

 

 

 
     Resort
Ownership/
Operation
    Resort
Third-Party
Management
/License
     Other     Totals per
Financial
Statements
 

Nine months ended September 30, 2011

         

Revenues

   $ 204,655      $ 22,145       $ 4,361      $ 231,161   
         

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

     (39,083     —           (2,279     (41,362

Net operating income (loss)

     19,086        5,303         (2,556     21,833   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —           —          (682

Interest income

     —          —           —          (156

Interest expense

     —          —           —          36,174   
         

 

 

 

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     —          —           —        $ (13,503
         

 

 

 

Additions to long-lived assets

     7,362        —           358      $ 7,720   
         

 

 

 

Total assets

     611,112        927         117,744      $ 729,783   
         

 

 

 

 

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     Resort
Ownership/
Operation
    Resort
Third-Party
Management
/License
     Other     Totals per
Financial
Statements
 

Three months ended September 30, 2010

         

Revenues

   $ 67,948      $ 7,526       $ 2,444      $ 77,918   
         

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

     (12,635     —           (1,080     (13,715

Net operating income (loss)

     8,885        1,817         (581     10,121   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —           —          (267

Interest income

     —          —           —          (58

Interest expense

     —          —           —          12,228   
         

 

 

 

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     —          —           —        $ (1,782
         

 

 

 

Additions to long-lived assets

     911        —           486      $ 1,397   
         

 

 

 
     Resort
Ownership/
Operation
    Resort
Third-Party
Management
/License
     Other     Totals per
Financial
Statements
 

Nine months ended September 30, 2010

         

Revenues

   $ 188,330      $ 21,724       $ 3,312      $ 213,366   
         

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

     (42,940     —           (1,939     (44,879

Net operating income (loss)

     8,368        4,991         (3,020     10,339   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —           —          (832

Interest income

     —          —           —          (488

Interest expense

     —          —           —          33,332   
         

 

 

 

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     —          —           —        $ (21,673
         

 

 

 

Additions to long-lived assets

     6,701        —           925      $ 7,626   
         

 

 

 

Total assets

     676,400        1,863         125,089      $ 803,352   
         

 

 

 

The Other column in the table includes items that do not constitute a reportable segment and represent corporate-level activities and the activities of other operations not included in the Resort Ownership/Operation or Resort Third-Party Management/License segments. Total assets at the corporate level primarily consist of cash, our investment in affiliates, and intangibles.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements — In July 2010, the FASB issued guidance on disclosures about the credit quality of financing receivables and the allowance for credit losses. The guidance requires new disclosures that will require companies to provide more information about the credit quality of their financing receivables in the disclosures to the financial statements including, but not limited to, significant purchases and sales of financing receivables, aging information and credit quality indicators. This guidance is effective for interim or annual financial reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2010. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In December 2010, the FASB issued guidance which (1) does not prescribe a specific method of calculating the carrying value of a reporting unit in the performance of step 1 of the goodwill impairment test and (2) requires entities with a zero or negative carrying value to assess, considering certain qualitative factors, whether it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists. If an entity concludes that it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists, the entity must perform step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. This guidance is effective for impairment tests performed during fiscal years (and interim periods within those years) that begin after December 15, 2010. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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In December 2010, the FASB issued guidance to address differences in the ways entities have interpreted disclosures about pro forma revenue and earnings in a business combination. This guidance states that if a public entity presents comparative financial statements, the entity should disclose revenue and earnings of the combined entity as though the business combination that occurred during the current year had occurred as of the beginning of the comparable prior annual reporting period only. This guidance is effective prospectively for business combinations whose acquisition date is at or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period on or after December 15, 2010. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In May 2011, the FASB issued guidance that clarifies and changes the application of various fair value measurement principles and disclosure requirements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In September 2011, the FASB issued guidance that permits an entity an option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If an entity believes, as a result of its qualitative assessment, that is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the quantitative impairment test is required. Otherwise, no further impairment testing is required. The guidance is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

3. INVESTMENT IN AFFILIATES

Our joint venture with The Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation owns the Great Wolf Lodge resort and conference center on a 39-acre land parcel in Grand Mound, Washington. This joint venture is a limited liability company. We are a member of that limited liability company with a 49% ownership interest. At September 30, 2011, the joint venture had aggregate outstanding indebtedness to third parties of $96,014. As of September 30, 2011, we have made combined loan and equity contributions, net of loan repayments, of $27,179 to the joint venture to fund a portion of construction costs of the resort.

Summary financial data for this joint venture is as follows:

 

Balance sheet data:    September 30,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 

Total assets

   $ 137,574       $ 142,329   

Total liabilities

   $ 106,064       $ 112,307   

 

    

Three months ended

September 30,

   

Nine months ended

September 30,

 
Operating data:    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenue

   $ 10,652      $ 10,531      $ 33,317      $ 32,307   

Operating expenses

   $ (9,156   $ (9,120   $ (28,395   $ (28,186

Net income

   $ 377      $ 146      $ 1,488      $ 295   

We have a receivable from the joint venture of $2,514 and $3,764 that relates primarily to accrued preferred equity returns and management fees as of September 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. We had a payable to the joint venture of $9 and $4 as of September 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

4. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

In accordance with the guidance for the consolidation of variable interest entities, we analyze our variable interests, including equity investments and management agreements, to determine if an entity in which we have a variable interest, is a variable interest entity. Our analysis includes both quantitative and qualitative reviews. We base our quantitative analysis on the forecasted cash flows of the entity, and our qualitative analysis on our review of the design of the entity, its organization structure including decision-making ability, and relevant financial agreements. We also use our qualitative analyses to determine if we must consolidate a variable interest entity as the primary beneficiary.

The following summarizes our analyses of entities in which we have a variable interest and that we have concluded are variable interest entities:

 

   

We have an equity investment in the joint venture that owns the Great Wolf Lodge resort in Grand Mound, Washington. We manage that resort and we have concluded that the joint venture is a variable interest entity because the management fees we receive represent a variable interest. The management contract, however, does not provide us with power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the joint venture. As we lack the ability to direct the activities that most significantly affect the resort’s performance, we are not the primary beneficiary of the joint venture and, therefore, we do not consolidate this entity at September 30, 2011. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, we did not provide any support to this entity that we were not contractually obligated to do so. Our maximum exposure to loss related to our involvement with this entity as of September 30, 2011 is limited to the carrying value of our equity investments in the joint venture as of that date. The total carrying values of those items on our balance sheet as of September 30, 2011 is $24,977 and are included in the investments in and advances to affiliates line item on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

 

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We have equity investments in two subsidiaries which are Delaware statutory trusts, both of which were used to issue trust preferred securities through private offerings. We have concluded that both of these trusts are variable interest entities. As we lack the ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the trusts’ performance, we are not the primary beneficiary and therefore, we do not consolidate these entities at September 30, 2011. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, we did not provide any support to these entities that we were not contractually obligated to do so. Our maximum exposure to loss related to our involvement with these entities as of September 30, 2011 is limited to the carrying value of our equity investments in the entities as of that date. The total carrying values of those items on our balance sheet as of September 30, 2011 is $2,420 and are included in the other assets line item on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

5. ACQUISITION OF CREATIVE KINGDOMS

In June 2010, we acquired a 62.4% equity interest in Creative Kingdoms (CK) in exchange for all of the convertible indebtedness owed to us by CK. CK is a developer of experiential gaming products including MagiQuest®, an interactive game attraction available at nine of our resorts. CK also owns or has sold to other parties several stand-alone MagiQuest facilities or similar attractions.

We have consolidated CK as we have a majority ownership interest in CK. We accounted for this business combination using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires us to measure the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest at the acquisition-date fair value. We have recorded the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed and the noncontrolling interest at amounts that approximate fair value. We have recorded $1,366 of goodwill, which represents the excess of (a) the consideration transferred and the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree over (b) the net of the acquisition date fair values of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed, less amounts established as a deferred tax asset.

6. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

We recognized share-based compensation expense of $507 and $1,638, net of estimated forfeitures, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively. The total income tax expense recognized related to share-based compensation was $11 and $36 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively.

We recognized share-based compensation expense of $545 and $1,606, net of estimated forfeitures, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively. The total income tax expense recognized related to share-based compensation was $10 and $31 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively.

We recognize compensation expense on grants of share-based compensation awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of each award recipient. As of September 30, 2011, total unrecognized compensation cost related to share-based compensation awards was $2,179, which we expect to recognize over a weighted average period of approximately 2.6 years.

The Great Wolf Resorts 2004 Incentive Stock Plan (the Plan) authorizes us to grant up to 3,380,740 options, stock appreciation rights or shares of our common stock to employees and directors. At September 30, 2011, there were 341,414 shares available for future grants under the Plan.

We anticipate having to issue new shares of our common stock for stock option exercises.

Stock Options

We have granted non-qualified stock options to purchase our common stock under the Plan at prices equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the grant dates. The exercise price for options granted under the Plan may be paid in cash, shares of common stock or a combination of cash and shares. Stock options expire ten years from the grant date and vest ratably over three years.

We recorded no stock option expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 or 2010. There were no stock options granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 or 2010. During the nine months ended September 30, 2011, certain employees surrendered and cancelled 5,500 previously granted stock options.

 

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A summary of stock option activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 is:

 

     Shares     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 

Number of shares under option:

       

Outstanding at beginning of period

     36,000      $ 19.03         4.15 years   

Exercised

     —          

Forfeited

     (20,500   $ 20.24      
  

 

 

      

Outstanding at end of period

     15,500      $ 17.44         3.25 years   

Exercisable at end of period

     15,500      $ 17.44         3.25 years   

At September 30, 2011 and 2010, the exercise prices of all of our outstanding and exercisable stock options were above our stock price. Therefore, there was no intrinsic value for our outstanding and exercisable stock options at September 30, 2011 or 2010.

Market Condition Share Awards

Certain employees are eligible to receive shares of our common stock in payment of market condition share awards granted to them in accordance with the terms thereof.

We granted 444,002 and 515,986 market condition share awards during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. We recorded share-based compensation expense of $183 and $572 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively. We recorded share-based compensation expense of $159 and $546 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively.

Of the 2011 market condition shares granted:

 

   

277,894 were based on our common stock’s performance in 2011 relative to a stock index, as designated by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. These shares vest ratably over a three-year period, 2011-2013. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $2.35 as of the grant date.

The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     0.25

Expected stock price volatility

     64.73

Expected stock price volatility (small-cap stock index)

     29.39

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the 10.6-month treasury constant maturity. Our expected stock price volatility and the expected stock price volatility for the small cap stock index was estimated using daily returns data of our stock and the index for the period February 11, 2009 through February 10, 2011.

 

   

83,054 were based on our common stock’s absolute performance during the three-year period 2010-2012. For shares that are earned, half of the shares vest on December 31, 2012, and the other half vest on December 31, 2013. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $2.15 as of the grant date.

The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     0.58

Expected stock price volatility

     64.73

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the 1.89-year treasury constant maturity. Our expected stock price volatility was estimated using daily returns data of our stock for the period February 11, 2009 through February 10, 2011.

 

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83,054 were based on our common stock’s performance in 2010-2012 relative to a stock index, as designated by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. For shares that are earned, half of the shares vest on December 31, 2012, and the other half vest on December 31, 2013. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $2.19 as of the grant date.

The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     0.58

Expected stock price volatility

     64.73

Expected stock price volatility (small-cap stock index)

     29.39

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the 1.89-year treasury constant maturity. Our expected stock price volatility and the expected stock price volatility for the small cap stock index was estimated using daily returns data of our stock and the index for the period February 11, 2009 through February 10, 2011.

Of the 2010 market condition shares granted:

 

   

333,060 were based on our common stock’s performance in 2010 relative to a stock index, as designated by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. These shares vest ratably over a three-year period, 2010-2012. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $2.43 as of the grant date.

The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     0.26

Expected stock price volatility

     108.06

Expected stock price volatility (small-cap stock index)

     40.92

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the 9-month treasury constant maturity. Our expected stock price volatility was estimated using daily returns data of our stock for a two-year period ending on the grant date. The expected stock price volatility for the small cap stock index was estimated using daily returns data for a two-year period ending on the grant date.

The market condition for these shares was not met and therefore no shares related to this grant were issued.

 

   

91,463 were based on our common stock’s absolute performance during the three-year period 2010-2012. For shares that are earned, half of the shares vest on December 31, 2012, and the other half vest on December 31, 2013. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $2.53 as of the grant date.

The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     1.27

Expected stock price volatility

     95.21

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the 2.75-year treasury constant maturity. Our expected stock price volatility was estimated using daily returns data of our stock for the period June 29, 2007 through March 30, 2010.

 

   

91,463 were based on our common stock’s performance in 2010-2012 relative to a stock index, as designated by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. For shares that are earned, half of the shares vest on December 31, 2012, and the other half vest on December 31, 2013. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $2.61 as of the grant date.

 

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The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     1.27

Expected stock price volatility

     95.21

Expected stock price volatility (small-cap stock index)

     37.51

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the 2.75-year treasury constant maturity. Our expected stock price volatility and the expected stock price volatility for the small cap stock index was estimated using daily returns data of our stock for the period June 29, 2007 through March 30, 2010.

Of the 2009 market condition shares granted:

 

   

541,863 were based on our common stock’s performance in 2009 relative to a stock index, as designated by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. These shares vest ratably over a three-year period, 2009-2011. The per share fair value of these market condition shares was $1.26 as of the grant date.

The fair value of these market condition shares was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:

 

Dividend yield

     —     

Weighted average, risk free interest rate

     0.62

Expected stock price volatility

     96.51

Expected stock price volatility (small-cap stock index)

     37.89

We used an expected dividend yield of 0%, as we do not currently pay a dividend and do not contemplate paying a dividend in the foreseeable future. The weighted average, risk free interest rate was based on the one-year T-bill rate. Our expected stock price volatility was estimated using daily returns data of our stock for a two-year period ending on the grant date. The expected stock price volatility for the small cap stock index was estimated using daily returns data for a two-year period ending on the grant date.

Based on our common stock performance in 2009, employees earned all of these market condition shares.

Performance Share Awards

Certain employees are eligible to receive shares of our common stock in payment of performance share awards granted to them. Grantees of performance shares are eligible to receive shares of our common stock based on the achievement of certain individual and departmental performance criteria during the calendar year in which the shares were granted. We granted 92,633 and 111,020 performance shares during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Shares granted in 2011 vest over a three year period, 2011-2013; and shares granted in 2010 vest over a three year period, 2010-2012.

The per share fair value of performance shares granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010 was $3.23 and $3.18, respectively, which represents the fair value of our common stock on the grant date. We recorded share-based compensation expense of $71 and $214 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively. We recorded share-based compensation expense of $61 and $183 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively. Since all shares originally granted were not earned, we recorded a reduction in expense of $16 and $9 during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, related to the shares not issued.

Based on their achievement of certain individual and departmental performance goals:

 

   

Employees earned and were issued 96,305 performance shares in February 2011 related to the 2010 grants and

 

   

Employees earned and were issued 162,559 performance shares in March 2010 related to 2009 grants.

 

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Deferred Compensation Awards

Pursuant to their employment arrangements, certain executives received bonuses upon completion of our initial public offering. Executives receiving bonus payments totaling $2,200 elected to defer those payments pursuant to our deferred compensation plan. To satisfy this obligation, we contributed 129,412 shares of our common stock to the trust that holds the assets to pay obligations under our deferred compensation plan. The fair value of that stock at the date of contribution was $2,200. We have recorded the fair value of the shares of common stock, at the date the shares were contributed to the trust, as a reduction of our stockholders’ equity. In 2008, one of the executives who had deferred a bonus payment resigned from our company. As a result, we have reclassified $2,000 previously recorded as deferred compensation to additional paid-in-capital.

We account for the change in fair value of the shares held in the trust as a charge to compensation cost. We recorded negative share-based compensation expense of $6 and $1, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively. We recorded negative share-based compensation expense of $2 and $5, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively.

Non-vested Shares

We have granted non-vested shares as follows:

 

   

We have granted non-vested shares to certain employees and our directors. These shares vest over time periods between three and five years. We valued these non-vested shares at the closing market value of our common stock on the date of grant.

 

   

We have granted non-vested shares to certain employees for shares earned under the Market Condition Share Awards as described above. These shares vest ratably over a three-year period. We valued the non-vested shares related to Market Condition Shares using a Monte Carlo simulation as described above.

 

   

We have granted non-vested shares to certain employees for shares earned under the Performance Share Awards as described above. These shares vest ratably over a three-year period. We valued the non-vested shares related to Performance Share Awards at the closing market value of our common stock on the date of grant of the Performance Share Awards.

A summary of non-vested shares activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 is as follows:

 

     Shares     Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 

Non-vested shares balance at beginning of period

     1,163,379      $ 3.12   

Granted

     292,365      $ 2.76   

Forfeited

     (42,000   $ 4.67   

Vested

     (231,658   $ 4.14   
  

 

 

   

Non-vested shares balance at end of period

     1,182,086      $ 2.77   
  

 

 

   

We recorded share-based compensation expense related to non-vested shares of $259 and $847 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively. We recorded share-based compensation expense related to non-vested shares of $290 and $833 for the three and six ended September 30, 2010, respectively.

Our non-vested shares had an intrinsic value of $373 and $268 at September 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Vested Shares

We have an annual short-term incentive plan for certain employees, in which they are provided the potential to earn cash bonus payments. In 2010 and 2009, certain of these employees had the option to elect to have some or all of their annual bonus compensation paid in the form of shares of our common stock rather than cash. Employees making this election received shares having a market value equal to 125% of the cash they would otherwise receive. Shares issued in lieu of cash bonus payments are fully vested upon issuance.

 

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In connection with the elections related to 2010 bonus amounts, we issued 33,545 shares in February 2011. We valued these shares at $96 based on the closing market value of our common stock on the date of the grant.

 

   

There were no shares issued in the nine months ended September 30, 2010 related to 2009 bonus amounts.

In 2011 and 2010, our directors had the option to elect to have some or the entire cash portion of their annual fees paid in the form of shares of our common stock rather than cash. Directors making such elections received shares having a market value equal to 125% of the cash they would otherwise receive. Shares issued in lieu of cash fee payments are fully vested upon issuance. We recorded non-cash professional fees expense of $22 and issued 10,118 shares during the nine months ended September 30, 2011, related to these elections to receive shares in lieu of cash. We recorded non-cash professional fees expense of $58 and issued 19,119 shares during the nine months ended September 30, 2010, related to these elections to receive shares in lieu of cash.

7. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 

     September 30,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 

Land and improvements

   $ 57,665      $ 57,665   

Building and improvements

     417,380        420,316   

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

     342,908        341,741   

Construction in process

     710        623   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     818,663        820,345   

Less accumulated depreciation

     (232,262     (196,387
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

   $ 586,401      $ 623,958   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Depreciation expense for continuing operations was $12,258 and $12,554 for the three months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $36,655 and $37,132 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

8. LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt consists of the following:

 

     September 30,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 

Mortgage Debt:

    

Traverse City/Kansas City mortgage loan

   $ 66,016      $ 67,236   

Pocono Mountains mortgage loan

     93,341        94,274   

Concord mortgage loan

     56,000        78,147   

First mortgage notes (net of discount of $8,429 and $9,578)

     221,571        220,422   

Other Long-Term Debt:

    

Junior subordinated debentures

     80,545        80,545   

City of Sheboygan bonds

     —          8,573   

City of Sheboygan loan

     —          3,054   

Other

     23        47   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     517,496        552,298   

Less current portion of long-term debt

     (67,841     (70,083
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total long-term debt

   $ 449,655      $ 482,215   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Traverse City/Kansas City Mortgage Loan — This non-recourse loan is secured by our Traverse City and Kansas City resorts. The loan bears interest at a fixed rate of 6.96%, is subject to a 25-year principal amortization schedule, and matures in January 2015. The loan has customary financial and operating debt compliance covenants. The loan also has customary restrictions on our ability to prepay the loan prior to maturity. We were in compliance with all covenants under this loan at September 30, 2011.

While recourse under the loan is limited to the property owner’s interest in the mortgaged property, we have provided limited guarantees with respect to certain customary non-recourse provisions and environmental indemnities relating to the loan.

 

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The loan also contains limitations on our ability, without lender’s consent, to (i) make payments to our affiliates if a default exists; (ii) enter into transactions with our affiliates; (iii) make loans or advances; or (iv) assume, guarantee or become liable in connection with any other obligations.

The loan requires us to maintain a minimum debt service coverage ratio (DSCR) of 1.35, calculated on a quarterly basis. This ratio is defined as the two collateral properties’ combined trailing twelve-month net operating income divided by the greater of (i) the loan’s twelve-month debt service requirements and (ii) 8.5% of the amount of the outstanding principal indebtedness under the loan. Failure to meet the minimum DSCR is not an event of default and does not accelerate the due date of the loan. Not meeting the minimum DSCR, however, subjects the two properties to a lock-box cash management arrangement, at the discretion of the loan’s servicer. The loan also contains a similar lock-box requirement if we open any Great Wolf Lodge or Blue Harbor Resort within 100 miles of either resort, and the two collateral properties’ combined trailing twelve-month net operating income is not at least equal to 1.8 times 8.5% of the amount of the outstanding principal indebtedness under the loan. For the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2011, the DSCR for this loan was 1.15, and the DSCR for this loan has been below 1.35 since the second quarter of 2007.

In September 2010, the loan’s master servicer implemented a lock-box cash management arrangement. The lock-box cash management arrangement requires substantially all cash receipts for the two resorts to be moved each day to a lender-controlled bank account, which the loan servicer then uses to fund debt service and operating expenses for the two resorts on a monthly basis, with excess cash flow being deposited in a reserve account and held as additional collateral for the loan. We believe that this arrangement constitutes a traditional lock-box arrangement as discussed in authoritative accounting guidance. Based on that guidance, we have classified the entire outstanding principal balance of the loan as a current liability as of September 30, 2011, since the lock-box arrangement requires us to use the properties’ working capital to service the loan, and we do not presently have the ability to refinance this loan to a new, long-term loan. Although the entire principal balance of the loan is classified as a current liability as of September 30, 2011, the loan is not in default and the principal balance is not due currently.

At our request, in October 2010 the loan was transferred to its special servicer. We informed the special servicer that, given the current and expected performance at that time of the two properties securing this loan, we might elect to cease the subsidization of debt service on this non-recourse loan. If we were to elect to cease the subsidization of debt service, that may result in a default under the loan agreement. We believe the combined market value of the two properties securing this loan is now significantly less than the principal amount of the loan. The properties had a combined net book value of $38,959 as of September 30, 2011, which includes the effect of an impairment charge we recorded in 2010 to adjust the carrying value of the properties to their estimated fair value, and the amount of debt outstanding under the loan was $66,016 as of September 30, 2011.

Through March 2011, we worked with the special servicer to discuss a potential modification of this loan. Those discussions proved unsuccessful and the special servicer has transferred the loan back to the master servicer, where the lock-box arrangement as described above remains in place.

Given improved operating trends and performance at the properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2011, we currently expect the properties to generate sufficient cash flow so that our subsidization of debt service, if any, for 2011 will be insignificant to our overall operations. As a result, we currently believe the most likely course of action for 2011 is to continue to operate these properties, assuming these trends continue.

Pocono Mountains Mortgage Loan — This loan is secured by a mortgage on our Pocono Mountains resort. The loan bears interest at a fixed rate of 6.10% and matures in January 2017. The loan is currently subject to a 30-year principal amortization schedule. The loan has customary covenants associated with an individual mortgaged property. The loan also has customary restrictions on our ability to prepay the loan prior to maturity. We were in compliance with all covenants under this loan at September 30, 2011.

The loan requires us to maintain a minimum DSCR of 1.25, calculated on a quarterly basis. Subject to certain exceptions, the DSCR is increased to 1.35 if we open up a waterpark resort within 75 miles of the property or incur mezzanine debt secured by the resort. This ratio is defined as the property’s combined trailing twelve-month net operating income divided by the greater of (i) the loan’s twelve-month debt service requirements and (ii) 7.25% of the amount of the outstanding principal indebtedness under the loan. Failure to meet the minimum DSCR is not an event of default and does not accelerate the due date of the loan. Not meeting the minimum DSCR, however, subjects the property to a lock-box cash management arrangement, at the discretion of the loan’s servicer. We believe that lock-box arrangement would require substantially all cash receipts for the resort to be moved each day to a lender-controlled bank account, which the loan servicer would then use to fund debt service and operating expenses for the resort, with excess cash flow being deposited in a reserve account and held as additional collateral for the loan. While recourse under the loan is limited to the property owner’s interest in the mortgage property, we have provided limited guarantees with respect to certain customary non-recourse provisions and environmental indemnities relating to the loan.

 

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The loan also contains limitations on our ability, without lender’s consent, to (i) make payments to our affiliates if a default exists; (ii) enter into transactions with our affiliates; (iii) make loans or advances; or (iv) assume, guarantee or become liable in connection with any other obligations.

Concord Mortgage Loan — On July 15, 2011, we entered into a loan agreement to refinance our Concord mortgage loan. We repaid $76,600 under the original loan using the proceeds of the new loan and cash on hand. The principal amount of the new loan was $56,000 and is secured by our Concord resort. This loan bears interest at a floating rate of 30-day LIBOR plus a spread of 500 basis points with a minimum rate of 6.00% per annum (effective rate of 6.00% at September 30, 2011). This loan matures in July 2014 and has a one-year extension available at our option, assuming the property meets certain operating performance thresholds. This loan requires four quarterly principal payments of $125 each beginning October 1, 2011, and quarterly principal payments of $375 thereafter.

As part of the loan agreement, the lender requires excess cash from the Concord resort to be swept to the lender on a monthly basis. The lender will hold the excess cash until the end of each quarter at which time the lender will either fund the cash back to us to cover any projected cash shortfalls at the property or if there are no shortfalls projected, use the excess cash to repay the loan principal balance. The lender has a $25,000 loan principal guarantee from Great Wolf Resorts. This loan has customary financial and operating debt compliance covenants associated with an individual mortgaged property. The loan requires a minimum DSCR of (i) 1.15 in the first year of the loan (ii) 1.20 in the second year of the loan and (iii) 1.30 thereafter. We were in compliance with all covenants under this loan at September 30, 2011.

In connection with the refinancing transaction, we were required to provide interest rate protection on a portion of the loan amount through the loans’ maturity date. Therefore, we executed an interest rate cap that caps the loan at 8.00% interest rate through July 2014 at a cost of $274. The interest rate cap was designated as an ineffective cash flow hedge. We mark the interest rate cap to market and record any change to interest expense. In connection with this refinancing transaction, we wrote-off approximately $1,850 of unamortized debt issuance costs.

First Mortgage Notes — In April 2010, we completed a private placement of $230,000 in aggregate principal amount of our 10.875% first mortgage notes (the Notes) due April 2017. The Notes were sold at a discount that provides an effective yield of 11.875% before transaction costs. We are amortizing the discount over the life of the Notes using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method. The proceeds of the Notes were used to retire the outstanding mortgage debt on our Mason, Williamsburg, and Grapevine properties and for general corporate purposes.

The Notes are senior obligations of GWR Operating Partnership, L.L.L.P. and Great Wolf Finance Corp (Issuers). The Notes are guaranteed by Great Wolf Resorts and by our subsidiaries that own three of our resorts and those guarantees are secured by first priority mortgages on those three resorts. The Notes are also guaranteed by certain of our other subsidiaries on a senior unsecured basis.

The Notes require that we satisfy certain tests in order to among other things: (i) incur additional indebtedness; (ii) make distributions from GWR Operating Partnership, L.L.L.P. to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.; (iii) repurchase the equity interests in GWR Operating Partnership, L.L.L.P. or to prepay the subordinated debt of GWR Operating Partnership, L.L.L.P. or its subsidiaries; (iv) make investments, (v) enter into affiliate transactions, (vi) sell assets other than in the ordinary course of business or (vii) merge. We are currently restricted from these activities with certain carve-outs, as provided in the indenture.

Junior Subordinated Debentures — In March 2005 we completed a private offering of $50,000 of trust preferred securities (TPS) through Great Wolf Capital Trust I (Trust I), a Delaware statutory trust which is our subsidiary. The securities pay holders cumulative cash distributions at an annual rate which is fixed at 7.80% through March 2015 and then floats at LIBOR plus a spread of 310 basis points thereafter. The securities mature in March 2035 and are callable at no premium after March 2010. In addition, we invested $1,500 in Trust I’s common securities, representing 3% of the total capitalization of Trust I.

Trust I used the proceeds of the offering and our investment to purchase from us $51,550 of junior subordinated debentures with payment terms that mirror the distribution terms of the TPS. The indenture governing the debentures contains limitations on our ability, without the consent of the holders of the debentures to make payments to our affiliates or for our affiliates to make payments to us, if a default exists. The costs of the TPS offering totaled $1,600, including $1,500 of underwriting commissions and expenses and $100 of costs incurred directly by Trust I. Trust I paid these costs utilizing an investment from us. These costs are being amortized over a 30-year period. The proceeds from our debentures sale, net of the costs of the TPS offering and our investment in Trust I, were $48,400. We used the net proceeds to retire a construction loan.

 

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In June 2007 we completed a private offering of $28,125 of TPS through Great Wolf Capital Trust III (Trust III), a Delaware statutory trust which is our subsidiary. The securities pay holders cumulative cash distributions at an annual rate which is fixed at 7.90% through June 2012 and then floats at LIBOR plus a spread of 300 basis points thereafter. The securities mature in June 2017 and are callable at no premium after June 2012. In addition, we invested $870 in the Trust’s common securities, representing 3% of the total capitalization of Trust III.

Trust III used the proceeds of the offering and our investment to purchase from us $28,995 of junior subordinated debentures with payment terms that mirror the distribution terms of the trust securities. The costs of the TPS offering totaled $932, including $870 of underwriting commissions and expenses and $62 of costs incurred directly by Trust III. Trust III paid these costs utilizing an investment from us. These costs are being amortized over a 10-year period. The proceeds from these debentures sales, net of the costs of the TPS offering and our investment in Trust III, were $27,193. We used the net proceeds for development costs.

Issue trusts, like Trust I and Trust III (collectively, the Trusts), are generally variable interests. We have determined that we are not the primary beneficiary under the Trusts, and accordingly we do not include the financial statements of the Trusts in our consolidated financial statements.

Our consolidated financial statements present the debentures issued to the Trusts as long-term debt. Our investments in the Trusts are accounted as cost investments and are included in other assets on our consolidated balance sheets. For financial reporting purposes, we record interest expense on the corresponding notes in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

City of Sheboygan Bonds — The City of Sheboygan bonds represented the face amount of bond anticipation notes (BANs) issued by the City in November 2003 in conjunction with the construction of the Blue Harbor Resort in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. In March 2011, we sold the Blue Harbor Resort. In connection with the sale of the property, we were released from our obligations under the BANs.

City of Sheboygan Loan — The City of Sheboygan loan amount represented a loan made by the City in 2004 in conjunction with the construction of the Blue Harbor Resort in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. In March 2011, we sold the Blue Harbor Resort. In connection with the sale of the property, we were released from our obligations under the loan.

Future Maturities — Future principal requirements on long-term debt are as follows:

 

Through

September 30,

      

2012

   $ 3,542   

2013

     4,752   

2014

     57,472   

2015

     62,053   

2016

     1,671   

Thereafter

     396,435   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 525,925   
  

 

 

 

As discussed above, the Traverse City/Kansas City mortgage loan is classified as a current liability as of September 30, 2011, due to the implementation of a traditional lock-box arrangement, although the loan is not in default and the full principal balance of the loan is not due currently. The future maturities table above reflects future cash principal repayments currently required under the provisions of that loan of $1,717 in 2012, $1,851 in 2013, $1,981 in 2014, $60,467 in 2015.

9. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (an exit price). GAAP outlines a valuation framework and creates a fair value hierarchy in order to increase the consistency and comparability of fair value measurements and the related disclosures. Certain assets and liabilities must be measured at fair value, and disclosures are required for items measured at fair value.

We measure our financial instruments using inputs from the following three levels of the fair value hierarchy. The three levels are as follows:

Level 1 inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

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Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (that is, interest rates, yield curves, etc.), and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means (market corroborated inputs).

Level 3 includes unobservable inputs that reflect our assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. We develop these inputs based on the best information available, including our own data.

The following table summarizes our financial assets using the fair value hierarchy on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2011:

 

     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total  

Interest rate caps

   $ —         $ 102       $ —         $ —     

Level 2 assets consist of our interest rate caps. To determine the estimated fair value of our interest rate caps we use market information provided by the banks from whom the interest rate caps were purchased from.

As of September 30, 2011, we estimate the total fair value of our long-term debt to be $44,720 less than its total carrying value due to the terms of the existing debt being different than those terms currently available to us for indebtedness with similar risks and remaining maturities. We estimate our fair value using Level 2 inputs such as quoted market prices or prices quoted from third-party financial institutions. These fair value estimates have not been comprehensively revalued for purposes of these consolidated financial statements since that date, and current estimates of fair values may differ significantly.

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, other current assets, escrows, accounts payable, gift certificates payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

10. EARNINGS PER SHARE

We calculate our basic earnings per common share by dividing net loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding excluding non-vested shares. Our diluted earnings per common share assume the issuance of common stock for all potentially dilutive stock equivalents outstanding using the treasury stock method. In periods in which we incur a net loss, we exclude potentially dilutive stock equivalents from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding as the effect of those potentially dilutive items is anti-dilutive.

The trust that holds the assets to pay obligations under our deferred compensation plan has 11,765 shares of our common stock. We treat those shares of common stock as treasury stock for purposes of our earnings per share computations and therefore we exclude them from our basic and diluted earnings per share calculations.

Options to purchase 15,500 shares of common stock were not included in the computations of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, because the exercise prices of the options were greater than the average market price of the common shares during that period. There were 267,150 and 719,561, shares of common stock that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively, because the market and/or performance criteria related to these shares had not been met at September 30, 2011.

 

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Basic and diluted earnings per common share are as follows:

 

     Three months  ended
September 30,
    Nine months  ended
September 30,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax

   $ 1,620      $ (1,733   $ (17,994   $ (22,000

(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (105     740        6,704        182   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.

   $ 1,515      $ (993   $ (11,290   $ (21,818
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic

     31,372,496        31,035,048        31,299,375        30,957,698   

Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted

     32,275,928        31,035,048        31,299,375        30,957,698   

Income (loss) attributable to loss from continuing operations, net of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax per shares — basic

   $ 0.05      $ (0.05   $ (0.58   $ (0.71

Income attributable to discontinued operations, net of tax — basic

     0.00      $ 0.02      $ 0.22      $ 0.01   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. per share — basic

   $ 0.05      $ (0.03   $ (0.36   $ (0.70
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) attributable to loss from continuing operations, net of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax per shares — diluted

   $ 0.05      $ (0.05   $ (0.58   $ (0.71

Income attributable to discontinued operations, net of tax — diluted

     0.00      $ 0.02      $ 0.22      $ 0.01   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. per share — diluted

   $ 0.05      $ (0.03   $ (0.36   $ (0.70
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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11. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

On March 24, 2011, we sold our Blue Harbor Resort in Sheboygan, Wisconsin to Claremont New Frontier Resort LLC (Claremont) for a purchase price of $4,200, less a $540 credit for purposes of real estate property tax payments to be made by Claremont for periods after the closing. We paid $2,000 to the City of Sheboygan with respect to real estate taxes relating to the Sheboygan property and contributed $300 toward a lease termination fee payable to a tenant at the property.

In connection with the construction of the Blue Harbor Resort, we had entered into agreements with the City of Sheboygan and the Redevelopment Authority of the City of Sheboygan whereby the City funded certain costs of construction. In exchange, we guaranteed certain levels of real and personal property tax payments, as well as room tax payments, from Blue Harbor Resort.

In connection with the closing, the existing agreements with the City of Sheboygan and the Redevelopment Authority were terminated, and we were released from all of our obligations under these agreements.

As a result of the sale, we have included the operations of the Blue Harbor Resort in discontinued operations for all periods presented. The operation of the Blue Harbor Resort was included in our Resort ownership/operation segment.

A summary of balance sheet data and operating activity related to this discontinued operation is as follows:

 

Balance sheet data:    March 23,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 

Total assets

   $ 6,463       $ 8,742   

Total liabilities

   $ 13,587       $ 14,121   

Included in total assets at December 31, 2010 is $5,775 of property and equipment. Included in total liabilities at December 31, 2010 is $11,627 of other long-term debt. As part of the sales transaction on March 23, 2011, we wrote off $5,699 of property and equipment and $11,563 of other long-term debt.

 

    

Nine months ended

September 30,

 
     2011     2010  

Revenues

   $ 1,578      $ 6,858   

Operating expenses

     (1,465     (6,044

Gain on sale

     6,667        —     

Interest expense, net of interest income

     (76     (635

Income tax expense

     —          3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

   $ 6,704      $ 182   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

12. SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

In April 2010, our subsidiaries, GWR Operating Partnership, L.L.L.P and Great Wolf Finance Corp. were co-issuers (the Issuers) with respect to $230,000 in principal amount of 10.875% first mortgage notes. In connection with the issuance, certain of our subsidiaries (the Subsidiary Guarantors) have guaranteed the first mortgage notes. Certain of our other subsidiaries (the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries) have not guaranteed the first mortgage notes.

The following tables present the condensed consolidating balance sheets of the Company (Parent), the Issuers, the Subsidiary Guarantors and the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries as of September 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the condensed consolidating statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010 and the condensed consolidating statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2010.

The accompanying condensed consolidating financial information has been prepared and presented pursuant to SEC Regulation S-X Rule 3-10, Financial statements of guarantors and issuers of guaranteed securities registered or being registered. Each of the Subsidiary Guarantors is 100% owned, directly or indirectly, by Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. There are significant restrictions on the Subsidiary Guarantors’ ability to pay dividends or obtain loans or advances. The Company’s and the Issuers’ investments in their consolidated subsidiaries are presented under the equity method of accounting.

 

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UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

September 30, 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Parent     Issuers     Subsidiary
Guarantors
    Non  Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidating
Adjustments
    Consolidated  
ASSETS   

Current assets:

            

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 10,047      $ 21,215      $ (1,581   $ 4,851      $ —        $ 34,532   

Escrows

     —          —          —          3,841        —          3,841   

Accounts receivable

     362        —          1,997        1,778        —          4,137   

Accounts receivable - affiliates

     —          —          455        2,059        —          2,514   

Accounts receivable - consolidating entities

     10,542        474,576        528,207        197,154        (1,210,479     —     

Inventory

     —          —          2,650        4,498        —          7,148   

Other current assets

     1,179        —          2,732        6,162        —          10,073   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     22,130        495,791        534,460        220,343        (1,210,479     62,245   

Property and equipment, net

     —          —          336,175        250,226        —          586,401   

Investments in consolidating entities

     209,910        277,733        —          —          (487,643     —     

Investments in and advances to affiliates

     —          —          —          24,977        —          24,977   

Other assets

     12,825        7,049        7,096        2,500        —          29,470   

Intangible assets

     1,365        —          4,668        20,657        —          26,690   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 246,230      $ 780,573      $ 882,399      $ 518,703      $ (1,698,122   $ 729,783   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   

Current liabilities:

            

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ —        $ —        $ 23      $ 67,818      $ —        $ 67,841   

Accounts payable

     7        —          2,172        1,799        —          3,978   

Accounts payable - affiliates

     —          —          1        8        —          9   

Accounts payable - consolidating entities

     6,222        336,573        697,845        169,839        (1,210,479     —     

Accrued interest payable

     723        12,506        —          1,012        —          14,241   

Accrued expenses

     502        13        12,975        8,907        —          22,397   

Advance deposits

     —          —          4,038        5,273        —          9,311   

Other current liabilities

     2,597        —          962        1,823        —          5,382   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     10,051        349,092        718,016        256,479        (1,210,479     123,159   

Mortgage debt

     —          221,571        —          147,539        —          369,110   

Other long-term debt

     80,545        —          —          —          —          80,545   

Deferred compensation liability

     —          —          1,361        —          —          1,361   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     90,596        570,663        719,377        404,018        (1,210,479     574,175   

Commitments and contingencies

            

Great Wolf Resorts Inc. stockholders’ equity:

            

Common stock

     326        —          —          —          —          326   

Preferred stock

     —          —          —          —          —          —     

Additional paid-in-capital

     404,094        456,693        163,514        293,179        (913,386     404,094   

Accumulated deficit

     (248,586     (246,783     (492     (178,468     425,743        (248,586

Deferred compensation

     (200     —          —          —          —          (200
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. stockholders’ equity

     155,634        209,910        163,022        114,711        (487,643     155,634   

Noncontrolling interest

     —          —          —          (26     —          (26
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     155,634        209,910        163,022        114,685        (487,643     155,608   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 246,230      $ 780,573      $ 882,399      $ 518,703      $ (1,698,122   $ 729,783   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

24


Table of Contents

CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

December 31, 2010

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Parent     Issuers     Subsidiary
Guarantors
    Non  Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidating
Adjustments
    Consolidated  
ASSETS   

Current assets:

            

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 10,047      $ 24,168      $ (328   $ 3,101      $ —        $ 36,988   

Escrows

     —          —          —          1,283        —          1,283   

Accounts receivable

     88        —          1,615        1,575        —          3,278   

Accounts receivable - affiliates

     —          —          1,369        2,395        —          3,764   

Accounts receivable - consolidating entities

     12,747        462,941        304,775        151,770        (932,233     —     

Inventory

     —          —          2,593        4,278        —          6,871   

Other current assets

     192        —          1,512        2,915        —          4,619   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     23,074        487,109        311,536        167,317        (932,233     56,803   

Property and equipment, net

     —          —          352,689        271,269        —          623,958   

Investments in consolidating entities

     210,356        257,151        —          —          (467,507     —     

Investments in and advances to affiliates

     —          —          —          25,131        —          25,131   

Other assets

     17,274        7,948        7,070        6,357        —          38,649   

Intangible assets

     1,365        —          4,668        20,664        —          26,697   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 252,069      $ 752,208      $ 675,963      $ 490,738      $ (1,399,740   $ 771,238   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   

Current liabilities:

            

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ —        $ —        $ 33      $ 70,050      $ —        $ 70,083   

Accounts payable

     151        —          5,543        2,805        —          8,499   

Accounts payable - affiliates

     —          —          1        3        —          4   

Accounts payable - consolidating entities

     423        314,488        510,186        107,136        (932,233     —     

Accrued interest payable

     723        6,253        —          1,109        —          8,085   

Accrued expenses

     287        689        11,534        7,924        —          20,434   

Advance deposits

     —          —          2,522        4,950        —          7,472   

Other current liabilities

     4,161        —          1,111        2,144        —          7,416   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     5,745        321,430        530,930        196,121        (932,233     121,993   

Mortgage debt

     —          220,422        —          169,867        —          390,289   

Other long-term debt

     80,545        —          14        11,367        —          91,926   

Deferred compensation liability

     —          —          1,260        —          —          1,260   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     86,290        541,852        532,204        377,355        (932,233     605,468   

Commitments and contingencies

            

Great Wolf Resorts Inc. stockholders’ equity:

            

Common stock

     323        —          —          —          —          323   

Preferred stock

     —          —          —          —          —          —     

Additional paid-in-capital

     402,952        456,693        163,514        293,179        (913,386     402,952   

Accumulated deficit

     (237,296     (246,337     (19,755     (179,787     445,879        (237,296

Deferred compensation

     (200     —          —          —          —          (200
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Great Wolf Resorts, Inc. stockholders’ equity

     165,779        210,356        143,759        113,392        (467,507     165,779   

Noncontrolling interest

     —          —          —          (9     —          (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     165,779        210,356        143,759        113,383        (467,507     165,770   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 252,069      $ 752,208      $ 675,963      $ 490,738      $ (1,399,740   $ 771,238   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

25


Table of Contents

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Three months ended September 30, 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Parent     Issuers     Subsidiary
Guarantors
     Non  Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidating
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Revenues:

             

Rooms

   $ —        $ —        $ 26,387       $ 23,953      $ —        $ 50,340   

Food and beverage

     —          —          7,001         5,828        —          12,829   

Other

     —          —          5,907         7,013        —          12,920   

Management and other fees

     183        —          6,689         5        (5,965     912   

Management and other fees - affiliates

     —          —          957         —          —          957   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     183        —          46,941         36,799        (5,965     77,958   

Other revenue from managed properties

     —          —          2,969         —          —          2,969   

Other revenue from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          2,624         —          —          2,624   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     183        —          52,534         36,799        (5,965     83,551   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses by department:

             

Rooms

     —          —          4,031         3,654        (1,009     6,676   

Food and beverage

     —          —          5,063         4,255        —          9,318   

Other

     —          —          4,585         5,158        —          9,743   

Other operating expenses:

             

Selling, general and administrative

     654        35        11,928         7,779        (5,040     15,356   

Property operating costs

     —          —          4,450         4,094        —          8,544   

Depreciation and amortization

     38        348        6,420         7,993        —          14,799   

Loss on disposition of assets

     —          —          —           330        —          330   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     692        383        36,477         33,263        (6,049     64,766   

Other expenses from managed properties

     —          —          2,969         —          —          2,969   

Other expenses from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          2,624         —          —          2,624   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     692        383        42,070         33,263        (6,049     70,359   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net operating (loss) income

     (509     (383     10,464         3,536        84        13,192   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —          —           (220     —          (220

Interest income

     (48     —          —           (2     —          (50

Interest expense

     1,584        6,637        1         3,747        —          11,969   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     (2,045     (7,020     10,463         11        84        1,493   

Income tax (benefit) expense

     (181     —          159         61        —          39   

Equity in (income) loss of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

     (3,379     (10,399     —           (184     13,778        (184
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     1,515        3,379        10,304         134        (13,694     1,638   

Discontinued operations, net of tax

     —          —          —           21        84        105   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     1,515        3,379        10,304         113        (13,778     1,533   

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     —          —          —           18        —          18   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.

   $ 1,515      $ 3,379      $ 10,304       $ 95      $ (13,778   $ 1,515   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

26


Table of Contents

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Three months ended September 30, 2010

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Parent     Issuers     Subsidiary
Guarantors
     Non  Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidating
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Revenues:

             

Rooms

   $ —        $ —        $ 24,016       $ 21,627      $ —        $ 45,643   

Food and beverage

     —          —          6,593         5,430          12,023   

Other

     —          —          5,493         7,233        —          12,726   

Management and other fees

     139        —          6,358         38        (5,618     917   

Management and other fees - affiliates

     —          —          900         —          —          900   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     139        —          43,360         34,328        (5,618     72,209   

Other revenue from managed properties

     —          —          2,984         —          —          2,984   

Other revenue from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          2,725         —          —          2,725   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     139        —          49,069         34,328        (5,618     77,918   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses by department:

             

Rooms

     —          —          3,725         3,343        (915     6,153   

Food and beverage

     —          —          4,678         3,963        —          8,641   

Other

     —          —          4,242         5,019        —          9,261   

Other operating expenses:

             

Selling, general and administrative

     626        37        11,349         8,359        (4,538     15,833   

Property operating costs

     —          —          4,229         4,256        —          8,485   

Depreciation and amortization

     38        320        6,358         6,999        —          13,715   

Loss on disposition of assets

     —          —          —           —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     664        357        34,581         31,939        (5,453     62,088   

Other expenses from managed properties

     —          —          2,984         —          —          2,984   

Other expenses from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          2,725         —          —          2,725   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     664        357        40,290         31,939        (5,453     67,797   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net operating (loss) income

     (525     (357     8,779         2,389        (165     10,121   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —          —           (267     —          (267

Interest income

     (51     (8     1         —          —          (58

Interest expense

     1,591        6,636        9         3,992        —          12,228   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     (2,065     (6,985     8,769         (1,336     (165     (1,782

Income tax expense

     (175     —          179         55        3        62   

Equity in (income) loss of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

     (897     (7,882     —           (46     8,779        (46
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

     (993     897        8,590         (1,345     (8,947     (1,798

Discontinued operations, net of tax

     —          —          —           (572     (168     (740
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

     (993     897        8,590         (773     (8,779     (1,058

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     —          —          —           (65     —          (65
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.

   $ (993   $ 897      $ 8,590       $ (708   $ (8,779   $ (993
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

27


Table of Contents

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Nine months ended September 30, 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Parent     Issuers     Subsidiary
Guarantors
     Non  Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidating
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Revenues:

             

Rooms

   $ —        $ —        $ 69,815       $ 67,543      $ —        $ 137,358   

Food and beverage

     —          —          19,068         16,952        —          36,020   

Other

     —          —          16,257         19,381        —          35,638   

Management and other fees

     466        —          18,321         29        (16,497     2,319   

Management and other fees - affiliates

     —          —          2,984         —          —          2,984   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     466        —          126,445         103,905        (16,497     214,319   

Other revenue from managed properties

     —          —          8,751         —          —          8,751   

Other revenue from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          8,091         —          —          8,091   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     466        —          143,287         103,905        (16,497     231,161   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses by department:

             

Rooms

     —          —          11,280         10,775        (2,756     19,299   

Food and beverage

     —          —          14,433         12,634        —          27,067   

Other

     —          —          12,927         15,378        —          28,305   

Other operating expenses:

             

Selling, general and administrative

     2,192        103        36,417         24,206        (13,657     49,261   

Property operating costs

     —          —          12,562         13,262        —          25,824   

Depreciation and amortization

     115        1,021        19,154         21,072        —          41,362   

Loss on disposition of property

     —          —          21         1,347        —          1,368   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     2,307        1,124        106,794         98,674        (16,413     192,486   

Other expenses from managed properties

     —          —          8,751         —          —          8,751   

Other expenses from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          8,091         —          —          8,091   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     2,307        1,124        123,636         98,674        (16,413     209,328   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net operating (loss) income

     (1,841     (1,124     19,651         5,231        (84     21,833   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —          —           (682     —          (682

Interest income

     (145     (5     —           (6     —          (156

Interest expense

     4,752        19,909        2         11,511        —          36,174   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates

     (6,448     (21,028     19,649         (5,592     (84     (13,503

Income tax expense

     4,396        —          386         393        —          5,175   

Equity in loss (income) of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

     446        (20,582     —           (667     20,136        (667
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

     (11,290     (446     19,263         (5,318     (20,220     (18,011

Discontinued operations, net of tax

     —          —          —           (6,620     (84     (6,704
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

     (11,290     (446     19,263         1,302        (20,136     (11,307

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax

     —          —          —           (17     —          (17
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income attributable to Great Wolf Resorts, Inc.

   $ (11,290   $ (446   $ 19,263       $ 1,319      $ (20,136   $ (11,290
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

28


Table of Contents

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Nine months ended September 30, 2010

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Parent     Issuers     Subsidiary
Guarantors
     Non  Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidating
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Revenues:

             

Rooms

   $ —        $ —        $ 63,078       $ 61,764      $ —        $ 124,842   

Food and beverage

     —          —          18,281         16,134        —          34,415   

Other

     —          —          14,962         17,423        —          32,385   

Management and other fees

     364        —          17,124         50        (15,427     2,111   

Management and other fees - affiliates

     —          —          2,880         —          —          2,880   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     364        —          116,325         95,371        (15,427     196,633   

Other revenue from managed properties

     —          —          8,555         —          —          8,555   

Other revenue from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          8,178         —          —          8,178   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     364        —          133,058         95,371        (15,427     213,366   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses by department:

             

Rooms

     —          —          10,383         9,830        (2,504     17,709   

Food and beverage

     —          —          13,493         11,801        —          25,294   

Other

     —          —          12,200         13,335        —          25,535   

Other operating expenses:

             

Selling, general and administrative

     2,335        117        35,284         22,788        (12,563     47,961   

Property operating costs

     —          —          12,200         12,697        —          24,897   

Depreciation and amortization

     115        615        23,994         20,155        —          44,879   

Loss on disposition of property

     —          —          10         9        —          19   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     2,450        732        107,564         90,615        (15,067     186,294   

Other expenses from managed properties

     —          —          8,555         —          —          8,555   

Other expenses from managed properties - affiliates

     —          —          8,178         —          —          8,178   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     2,450        732        124,297         90,615        (15,067     203,027   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net operating (loss) income

     (2,086     (732     8,761         4,756        (360     10,339   

Investment income - affiliates

     —          —          —           (832     —