UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2014

or

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number: 001-35314

 

eGain Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

77-0466366

(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

 

1252 Borregas Avenue, California 94089

 

(408) 636-4500

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨.

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company”, in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

 

¨

  

Accelerated filer

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes ¨ No x.

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates (based on the closing price on the Nasdaq Capital Market) on December 31, 2013, was approximately $158.3 million. For purposes of the foregoing calculation only, the registrant has included in the shares owned by affiliates the beneficial ownership of voting and non-voting common equity of officers and directors, and affiliated entities, of the registrant and members of their families. Such inclusion shall not be construed as an admission that any such person is an affiliate for any other purpose.

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

  

Outstanding at
September 9, 2014

 

Common Stock $0.001 par value

  

 

25,481,643

  

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Items 10 (as to directors), 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III incorporate by reference information from the registrant’s proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the solicitation of proxies for the registrant’s 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

 

 

 

 


eGAIN CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

2014 FORM 10-K

 

Item
No.

 

 

  

Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I

  

 

1.

 

 

Business

  

4

1A.

 

 

Risk Factors

  

9

1B.

 

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

  

19

2.

 

 

Properties

  

20

3.

 

 

Legal Proceedings

  

20

4.

 

 

Mine and Safety Disclosures

  

20

 

 

 

PART II

  

 

5.

 

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

  

21

6.

 

 

Selected Financial Data

  

23

7.

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

  

24

7A.

 

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

  

40

8.

 

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

  

41

9.

 

 

Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

  

69

9A.

 

 

Controls and Procedures

  

69

9B.

 

 

Other Information

  

69

 

 

 

PART III

  

 

10.

 

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

  

71

11.

 

 

Executive Compensation

  

71

12.

 

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

  

71

13.

 

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

  

71

14.

 

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

  

72

 

 

 

PART IV

  

 

15.

 

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule

  

73

 

 

 

Signatures

  

74

 

 

 

2


CAUTIONARY NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K, including the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (“MD&A”) in Item 7, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These statements may be identified by the use of the words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “continue,” “could,” “would,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plans,” “potential,” “should,” or “will” and similar expressions or the negative of those terms. The forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding: the effect of changes in macroeconomic factors beyond our control; our hybrid revenue model and its potential impact on our total revenue; our ability to predict subscription renewals or upgrade rates; our lengthy sales cycles and the difficulty in predicting timing of sales or delays; competition in the markets in which we do business and our failure to compete successfully therein; our expectations regarding the composition of our customers and the result of a loss of a significant customer; the adequacy of our capital resources and need for additional financing and the effect of failing to obtain adequate funding; the result of our failure to comply with the covenants under the Comerica Loan; statements referring to the Company’s recent acquisition; the development and expansion of our strategic and third party distribution partnerships and relationships with systems integrators; our ability to effectively implement and improve our current products; our ability to innovate and respond to rapid technological change and competitive challenges; legal liability or the effect of negative publicity for the services provided to consumers via our technology platforms; legal and regulatory uncertainties and other risks related to protection of our intellectual property assets; our ability to anticipate our competitors; the operational integrity and maintenance of our systems; the effect of unauthorized access to a customer’s data or our data or our IT systems; the uncertainty of demand for our products; the anticipated customer benefits from our products; the actual mix in new business between subscription and license transactions when compared with management’s projections; the anticipated revenue to us from the Cisco Partnership; the ability to increase revenue as a result of the increased investment in sales and marketing; our ability to hire additional personnel and retain key personnel; our ability to expand and improve our sales performance and marketing activities; our ability to manage our expenditures and estimate future expenses, revenue, and operational requirements; our ability to manage our business plans, strategies and outlooks and any business-related forecasts or projections; the effect of changes to management judgments and estimates; the impact of any modification to our pricing practices in the future; risks from our substantial international operations; our inability to successfully detect weaknesses or errors in our internal controls; our ability to manage future growth; the trading price of our common stock; geographical and currency fluctuations; and our expectations with respect to revenue, cost of revenue, expenses and other financial metrics. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those risks discussed in Item 1A “Risk Factors” in this report. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in statements relating to our future plans, product releases, objectives, expectations and intentions, and other assumptions underlying or relating to any of these statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. Readers are directed to risks and uncertainties identified below, under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report, for factors that may cause actual results to be different than those expressed in these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.

All references to “eGain”, the “Company”, “our”, “we” or “us” mean eGain Corporation and its subsidiaries, except where it is clear from the context that such terms mean only this parent company and excludes subsidiaries.

 

 

 

3


PART I

 

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

Overview

eGain is a leading provider of cloud-based and on-site customer engagement software solutions. eGain’s customer engagement solutions power digital transformation strategies for leading brands. Our top-rated applications for social, mobile, web, and contact centers help clients deliver connected customer journeys in a multichannel world.

Industry Background

As products get commoditized in a global economy, differentiation increasingly depends on customer engagement. For businesses that sell to consumers, or B2C, one poor customer experience can be amplified and spread overnight through social networks. Consumers expect businesses to serve them conveniently and intelligently across all touch points. Furthermore, multichannel customers are more demanding and spend more than the average customer. Not surprisingly, businesses are looking for efficient, scalable solutions to deliver smart multichannel customer interactions.

Traditional customer relationship management, or CRM, solutions are not designed for the multichannel world. Mostly, they see the phone as the primary customer contact channel. Other channels like web and social are seen as secondary and are often not designed in the solution from the start. As a result, customer experience delivered through these platforms tends to be fragmented and inconsistent across channels. For instance, unified customer history across channels requires solution integration and user interface patchwork.

The eGain Solution

Our solution is designed to provide clients with the following benefits:

·

Build profitable long-term customer relationships. Customers are spending more time conducting business on the web and social channels. Our solution helps businesses design brand-aligned, multichanneled customer journeys. Whether a customer is looking to buy, ask a question, or pay a bill, our solution helps businesses provide customers personalized, consistent responses.

·

Increase revenue through intelligent assistance offers and contextual promotions. In addition to strengthening customer relationships, our solution helps businesses convert website visitors into buyers. It also enables agents to contextually up-sell and cross-sell products in the course of customer engagements. A visitor to a website that uses eGain can be proactively offered personalized promotional content or real-time assistance based on configurable business rules informed by visitor behavior and history. Visitors can collaborate with a customer service agent live over the web through click-to-Call, text and video chat and cobrowse to inquire about and buy a product. Customers calling into a service center can be offered powerful cross-sell offers by agents using the expert reasoning capability of eGain.

·

Reduce operating costs through improved agent productivity and self-service automation. Our solution helps companies provide highly effective customer service while reducing operating costs. Our intelligent routing, auto-response, tracking, and reporting features, complemented with agent-facing knowledge tools, measurably enhance the productivity of service agents. Our robust online self-service tools, with integrated escalation paths and sophisticated artificial intelligence, help resolve customer inquiries without human assistance.

·

Reduce total cost of ownership through an open architecture, integration adapters, and scalable design. Our solution is designed to easily integrate with business data and processes residing in legacy systems and other enterprise data sources. By integrating “out of the box” solutions with leading business applications, our platform allows clients to leverage existing data, content, and communication assets.

·

Offer rapid time to value through flexible deployment options. Our solution can be deployed in a number of ways, including in the cloud, on-site, or as a managed service. In addition, we offer eGain Solution-as-a-Service™, or SLaaS™, a package that enables clients to use our solution without a long-term contract or upfront implementation fee. Moreover, our clients have the flexibility to move from one deployment model to another when they need a change.

4


Products and Services

eGain  Suite

Recognized by industry analysts and trusted by leading companies worldwide, eGain 11 helps businesses engage, acquire, and serve customers through multiple engagement channels. It offers modular, best-of-breed applications built on a one-of-a-kind customer engagement hub platform that provides 360-degree customer context and actionable knowledge to enhance every customer interaction. Built for rapidly implementing next-generation customer engagement strategies, eGain 11 consists of:

·

Mobile applications to engage customers through smartphones and tablets.

·

Social applications to extend the company’s customer engagement strategies to social channels.

·

Web applications to transform B2C websites into interactive shopping destinations.

·

Desktop applications to help traditional call centers evolve into knowledge-powered multichannel customer engagement hubs.

·

Messaging applications provide a rich set of secure, personalized communication options.

·

eGain CEH™, a multichannel customer engagement hub, or CEH, platform that provides centralized business rules and workflows, knowledge, interactions, analytics, administration, and integrations to all applications.

·

eGain Connectors™ for integrating with leading CRM, content, CTI, and eCommerce systems.

Mobile Applications

·

eGain Mobile™ makes mobile engagement easy. It extends the reach of an eGain deployment by enabling the business to offer all its eGain-enabled engagement options to mobile users through existing or new phone and tablet apps on the Android and iOS platforms. Capabilities include mobile virtual assistant, offers, chat, click-to-call, cobrowsing, self-service, and notifications.

Social Applications

·

eGain Social™ is an application for social customer service knowledge harvesting and single-sourced social publishing, and reputation management. It enables businesses to monitor social networks such as Facebook, Twitter and blogs for customer queries, analyze their content, analyze search results for sentiment, route them intelligently, and post responses privately or back to the social cloud in media appropriate format.

·

eGain Community™ enables the creation and management of online communities or forums, community knowledge harvesting, and single-sourced publishing. Forum posts are searchable from portals, and can be submitted as content for the Knowledge Base Connectors allow integration with existing forums.

Web Applications

·

eGain Offers™ helps businesses engage visitors on the company website and Facebook fan pages with proactive, targeted offers. Using browsing behavior and other attributes, the solution anticipates visitor needs and proactively serves a personalized offer. It leapfrogs existing proactive chat “point” solutions by providing coupons, promotions, surveys, relevant content and contextual help in the form of FAQ, virtual assistant, chat, click to call, and cobrowse options.

·

eGain Virtual Assistant™ enables businesses to offer text and speech chat interactions with one or more virtual assistants (chatbots). Multilingual, as well as emotionally and culturally intelligent, the eGain virtual assistants are capable of understanding natural language. They can be deployed on websites and mobile devices and support seamless integration with assisted chat channels.

·

eGain Cobrowse™ enables phone and chat reps to show customers around the website, help locate information, and “hand-hold” them during complex, anxiety-ridden tasks such as completing forms or checking out shopping carts. It offers true collaborative browsing without any customer download requirement. Access to web page views and actions is controlled through user roles and business rules.

·

eGain Chat™ enables website visitors to conduct text and video chats with agents. It gives representatives a comprehensive set of tools for serving customers in real-time. eGain Chat supports two-way, “follow me” web browsing so that agents and customers can lead each other to specific web pages for faster issue resolution. The system’s powerful, query-specific routing and workflow maximize both agent productivity and interaction quality.

·

eGain ClickToCall™ provides website visitors the ability to request a callback while browsing. Callbacks can be scheduled according to the customer’s convenience or be established in real-time.

5


·

eGain SelfService™ is a comprehensive solution supporting what we believe to be the broadest set of self-service access options in the industry—dynamic FAQs, topic-based browsing, natural language search, guided help, virtual assistant technology, and case tracking. eGain SelfService offers a unique combination of rich, multi-access self-service capabilities built on a collaborative knowledge management framework within eGain OpenCEH™ Platform. This framework makes it easy for organizations to create, maintain, and enhance common content in a distributed manner, as well as leverage existing content from across the enterprise. The key modules of this application are:

·

eGain Portals™ enables organizations to provide distinctive, productive and brand-aligned self-service experiences. Powered by eGain Multisearch™ knowledge access technology, it brings together the power of a broad set of knowledge access methods, federated search, process intelligence, multilingual capabilities, and flexible look and feel—all behind a single search box—for distinctive, on-target self-service. Customers can also view frequently asked questions, manage their own accounts, review open tickets, and review their communications with the company within a secure, personalized environment.

·

eGain Guided Help™ gives customers interactive access to the company’s knowledge base, allowing them to find answers and troubleshoot problems by themselves at their convenience. It uses patented search and reasoning technology, coupled with natural language and advanced linguistic processing to search, suggest additional questions, and recommend solutions.

·

eGain Widgets™ enable contextual access to knowledge and account information through mobile devices and web pages.

·

eGain Survey™ helps contact centers, ecommerce sites, and customer portals connect with their customers in a vital and immediate way by eliciting feedback at various points of contact. It enables them to measure and improve the quality of service across all engagement channels, thereby maximizing customer retention.

Desktop Applications

·

eGain CaseManager™ is a comprehensive and a flexible case logging system. Together with eGain Knowledge™, it provides an integrated application for logging, tracking, and resolution as well as follow-on task management for service fulfillment.

·

eGain Mail™ is an industry-leading application for processing inbound customer emails and providing mission-critical email customer response, incorporating hundreds of best practices developed over years of serving innovative global enterprises. Secure messaging, lifecycle audits, and real-time archival are some of the features that provide our customers a next-generation email management platform for their enterprises. Designed to process very high volumes of email and web form requests, eGain Mail allows companies to deliver consistent, high-quality service through flexible process automation, optimized user interface, and powerful reports. Additional modules include:

·

eGain SecureMail™ for authenticated web-based access to confidential emails. It is widely used in the financial services sector and other regulated industries.

·

eGain EncryptedMail™ for encrypted email payload delivered to the customer’s mailbox (push), complementing eGain SecureMail (invitation to secure website to share payload).

·

eGain Fax™ and eGain SMS™ to enable timely responses to faxes (and postal mail) and Short Message Service, or SMS, with the same infrastructure that is used to handle emails. Optical Character Recognition, or OCR, technology is used to process faxes and postal mail.

·

eGain Knowledge™ empowers contact center agents with best-practice knowledge management and is designed to make every agent as productive and capable as the enterprise’s best agent. This application delivers fast, consistent, and accurate answers to agents as they use the rich conversational interface while engaging customers over the phone. eGain Knowledge uses patented search and reasoning technology coupled with natural language and advanced linguistic processing to search, suggest additional questions, and recommend solutions. eGain Multisearch enables simple search-based access to various types of federated content and guided help.

Messaging Applications

·

eGain SecureMessaging™ enables secure and authenticated messaging between a business and its customers. It is a secure web-based portal for customers to read confidential messages, including attachments.

·

eGain Notify™ is a flexible, easy-to-use application for managing and delivering automatic reminders, alerts, and updates at all stages of the customer journey. It is used to provide proactive customer service by sending alerts to customers through multiple engagement channels across the web, email, SMS, voice, and fax. Designed for high-volume usage, this application can easily scale to deliver millions of messages per day in the eGain Cloud.

6


Flexible Deployment Options

eGain’s deployment options, we believe, are unmatched in the industry. Our customers can choose from multiple options: on-site, cloud, managed, and solution as a service. They can even choose a hybrid model or switch from one deployment type to another.

Cloud Operations

We serve our customers and end users from several secure data centers worldwide. Physical security features at these facilities include 24x7 on-site security, three physical barriers and multiple access controls. The systems at these facilities are protected by firewalls and encryption technology we utilize. Operational redundancy features include redundant power, on-site backup generators, multiple carrier entrance facilities, and robust environmental controls and monitoring.

We employ a wide range of security features, including two-factor authentication, data encryption, encoded session identifications and passwords. We contract with specialized security vendors to conduct regular security audits of our infrastructure. We also employ outside vendors for 24x7 managed network security and monitoring. Every page we serve is delivered encrypted to the end user via a Secure Socket Layer, or SSL, transaction. We also use encryption in our storage systems and backup technology.

We continuously monitor the performance of our application suite using a variety of automated tools. We designed our infrastructure with built-in redundancy for all key components. Our network includes redundant firewalls, switches and intrusion detection systems, and incorporates failover backup for maximum uptime. We load balance at each tier in the network infrastructure. We also designed our application server clusters so that servers can fail without interrupting the user experience, and our database servers are clustered for failover. We regularly back up and store customer data both on and off-site in secure locations to minimize the risk of data loss at any facility.

Customers

We serve a worldwide customer base across a wide variety of industry sectors, including retail, telecommunications, financial services, insurance, outsourced services, technology, utilities, government, manufacturing and consumer electronics. Our product is sold primarily to large enterprises (over $500 million in annual revenue). For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, international revenue accounted for 45% and domestic revenue for 55% of total revenue, compared to 40% and 60% respectively for fiscal year 2013 and 44% and 56% respectively for fiscal year 2012.

There were two different customers that accounted for 16% and 10% of total revenue in fiscal year 2014. Two different customers accounted for 18% and 10% of total revenue in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Competition

We compete with other application software vendors including Avaya, Inc., Genesys Telecommunications,  Live Person, Inc., and Moxie Software, Inc. In addition, we face actual or potential competition from larger software companies such as Microsoft Corporation, Oracle Corporation, and Salesforce.com, Inc. that may attempt to sell customer engagement software to their installed base. We also compete with internally developed applications within large enterprises. Finally, we face, or expect to face, competition from software vendors who may develop toolsets and products that allow customers to build new applications that run on the customers’ infrastructure or as hosted services.

We believe the principal competitive factors in our market include the following:

·

proven track record of customer success;

·

speed and ease of implementation;

·

product functionality;

·

financial stability and viability of the vendor;

·

product adoption;

·

ease of use and rates of user adoption;

·

low total cost of ownership and demonstrable cost-effective benefits for customers;

·

performance, security, scalability, flexibility and reliability of the service;

·

ease of integration with existing applications;

·

quality of customer support;

7


·

availability and quality of implementation, consulting and training services; and

·

vendor reputation and brand awareness.

Sales and Marketing

Sales Strategy

Our sales strategy is to pursue targeted accounts, mostly B2C enterprises, through a combination of our direct sales force and partners. We target our sales efforts at enterprise companies. Our North American direct sales organization is based at our corporate headquarters in Sunnyvale, California, with field sales presence throughout the United States. Internationally, we have field offices in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, India, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

The direct sales force is organized into teams that include sales representatives and sales consultants. Our direct sales force is made up of two components, field sales and inside sales representatives. It is complemented by lead generation representatives.

We also complement our direct sales force with reseller and sales alliances. We believe we are able to leverage additional sales, marketing and deployment capabilities through these alliances.

Marketing and Partner Strategy

Our marketing strategy is to build our brand around innovative and robust products trusted by leading enterprises. Our marketing organization focuses on public relations, analyst relations, marketing communications and demand generation. We employ a wide range of marketing avenues to deliver our message, including print and Internet advertising, targeted electronic and postal mailing, email newsletters, and a variety of trade shows, seminars, webinars, and interest groups.

Our marketing group also produces sales tools, including product collateral, customer case studies, demonstrations, presentations, and competitive analyses. In addition, the group performs market analyses and customer reviews to identify and develop key partnership opportunities and product capabilities.

We believe that our partners help extend the breadth and depth of our product offerings, drive market penetration, and augment our professional service capabilities. We believe these relationships are important to delivering successful, integrated products and services to our customers, and scaling our business. Our partner portal, EcoNet™, enables us to provide comprehensive sales, support and services information for channel partners, while enabling them to collaborate with one another through an online forum. Partner enablement is a key focus area for our consulting and training teams too.

As of fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, there were 189 employees engaged in worldwide sales and marketing activities.

Consulting and Education

Our worldwide professional services organization provides consulting and education services designed to facilitate customer success and build customer loyalty.

·

Consulting Services. Our consulting services group offers rapid implementation services, custom solution development, and systems integration services. Consultants work with customers to understand their specific requirements, analyze their business needs, and implement integrated solutions. We provide these services independently or in partnership with system integrators who have developed consulting expertise on our platform.

·

Education Services. Our education services group provides a comprehensive set of basic and customized training programs to our customers and partners in addition to online tutorial modules for ongoing refresher courses. Training programs are offered either in-person at the customer site, or at one of our worldwide training centers.

As of fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, we had 191 professionals providing worldwide services for systems installation, solutions development, application management, and education.

Customer Success

We offer a comprehensive collection of support services designed to rapidly respond to inquiries. Our technical support services are available to customers worldwide under maintenance agreements. Our customer success strategy is to provide dedicated customer support account managers for large enterprise customers. The customer success team uses eGain’s own software suite to provide world-class service to all our customers through support centers located in California, the United Kingdom, and India.

8


As of fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, there were 49 employees engaged in worldwide customer support services.

Research and Development

The market for our products changes rapidly and is characterized by evolving industry standards, swift changes in customer requirements, and frequent new product introductions and enhancements. We believe that strong product development capabilities are essential to our strategy of maintaining technology leadership. This includes enhancing current technology, providing excellent quality, performance, and functionality, as well as developing additional applications, and maintaining the competitiveness of our product and service offerings. We have invested significant time and resources to set up a comprehensive software development process that involves several functional groups at all levels within our organization and is designed to provide a framework for defining and addressing the activities required in bringing product concepts and development projects to market successfully.

In addition, we continuously analyze market and customer requirements and evaluate technology that we believe will enhance platform acceptance in the market. As a result of this process, we acquired Exony Limited in August 2014.  

As of fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, there were 158 employees engaged in worldwide product development activities. We spent approximately $10.0 million on research and development in fiscal year 2014, and $8.4 million and $6.1 million, respectively, in fiscal years 2013 and 2012.

Intellectual Property

We regard our intellectual property as critical to our success. We rely on intellectual property and other laws, in addition to confidentiality procedures and licensing arrangements, to protect the proprietary aspects of our technology and business.

We continually assess the propriety of seeking intellectual property protection for those aspects of our technology that we believe constitute innovations providing significant competitive advantages. Future applications may or may not receive the issuance of valid patents or registered trademarks.

We routinely require our employees, customers, and potential business partners to enter into confidentiality and nondisclosure agreements before we will disclose any sensitive aspects of our products, technology, or business plans. In addition, we require employees to agree to surrender to us any proprietary information, inventions or other intellectual property they generate or come to possess while employed by us. Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary rights through confidentiality and license agreements, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise obtain and use our products or technology. These precautions may not prevent misappropriation or infringement of our intellectual property. In addition, some of our license agreements with certain customers and partners require us to place the source code for our products into escrow. These agreements typically provide that some party will have a limited, non-exclusive right to access and use this code as authorized by the license agreement if there is a bankruptcy proceeding instituted by or against us, or if we materially breach a contractual commitment to provide support and maintenance to the party.

Employees

As of fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, we had 681 full-time employees, of which 158 were in product development, 274 in services and support, 189 in sales and marketing, and 60 in finance and administration.

None of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. While we believe our relations with our employees are good, our future performance depends largely upon the continued service of our key technical, sales and marketing, and senior management personnel, none of whom are bound by employment agreements requiring service for a defined period of time.

 

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing us. Other events that we do not currently anticipate or that we currently deem immaterial also may affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

Our business is influenced by a range of factors that are beyond our control and that we have no comparative advantage in forecasting. These include:

·

general economic and business conditions;

·

currency exchange rate fluctuations;

·

the overall demand for enterprise software and services;

·

customer acceptance of cloud-based solutions;

9


·

governmental budgetary constraints or shifts in government spending priorities; and

·

general political developments.

The global economic climate continues to influence our business such as, a general tightening in the credit markets, lower levels of liquidity, increases in the rates of default and bankruptcy, and extreme volatility in credit, equity and fixed income markets. These macroeconomic developments negatively affected, and could continue to negatively affect, our business, operating results or financial condition which, in turn, could adversely affect our stock price. A general weakening of, and related declining corporate confidence in, the global economy or the curtailment in government or corporate spending could cause current or potential customers to reduce their technology budgets or be unable to fund software or services purchases, which could cause customers to delay, decrease or cancel purchases of our products and services or cause customers not to pay us or to delay paying us for previously purchased products and services.

Our hybrid revenue model may affect our operating results.

We have a hybrid delivery model meaning that we offer our solutions on a subscription or perpetual license basis to our customers. For perpetual license transactions, the license revenue amount is generally recognized in the quarter delivery and acceptance of our software takes place. Whereas, for subscription transactions, the revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the contract, which is typically one to two years. As a result, our total revenue may increase or decrease in future quarters as a result of the timing and mix of license and subscriptions transactions. This could be exacerbated as more customers select our subscription solution over our perpetual licensed solution; causing us to increase the amount of revenue recognized ratably over the life of the contract therefore resulting in a decrease in our total revenue in the short-term.

Because we recognize revenue from subscriptions for our service over the term of the subscription, downturns or upturns in new business may not be immediately reflected in our operating results.

We generally recognize subscription revenue from customers ratably over the terms of their subscription agreements, which are typically 12 to 36 months. As a result, most of the revenue we report in each quarter is the result of subscription agreements entered into during previous quarters. Consequently, a decline in new or renewed subscriptions in any one quarter may not be reflected in our revenue results for that quarter. Any such decline, however, will negatively affect our revenue in future quarters. Accordingly, the effect of significant downturns in sales and market acceptance of our service, and potential changes in our rate of renewals may not be fully reflected in our results of operations until future periods. Our subscription model also makes it difficult for us to rapidly increase our revenue through additional sales in any period, as revenue from new customers must be recognized over the applicable subscription term.

We cannot accurately predict subscription renewal or upgrade rates and the impact these rates may have on our future revenue and operating results.

Our customers have no obligation to renew their subscriptions for our service after the expiration of their initial subscription period, which is typically 12 to 36 months, and in fact, some customers have elected not to renew. In addition, our customers may renew for fewer subscriptions, renew for shorter contract lengths, or renew for lower cost editions of our service. We cannot accurately predict renewal rates given our varied customer base of enterprise and small and medium size business customers and the number of multiyear subscription contracts. Our renewal rates may decline or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including customer dissatisfaction with our service, customers’ spending levels, decreases in the number of users at our customers, pricing changes and deteriorating general economic conditions. If our customers do not renew their subscriptions for our service or reduce the number of paying subscriptions at the time of renewal, our revenue will decline and our business will suffer.

Our future success also depends in part on our ability to sell additional features and services, more subscriptions or enhanced editions of our service to our current customers. This may also require increasingly sophisticated and costly sales efforts that are targeted at senior management. Similarly, the rate at which our customers purchase new or enhanced services depends on a number of factors, including general economic conditions and that our customers do not react negatively to any price changes related to these additional features and services. If our efforts to upsell to our customers are not successful and negative reaction occurs, our business may suffer.

Our lengthy sales cycles and the difficulty in predicting timing of sales or delays may impair our operating results.

The long sales cycle for our products may cause license revenue and operating results to vary significantly from period to period. The sales cycle for our products can be six months or more and varies substantially from customer to customer. Because we sell complex and deeply integrated solutions, it can take many months of customer education to secure sales. Because our potential customers may evaluate our products before, if ever, executing definitive agreements, we may incur substantial expenses and spend significant management effort in connection with the potential customer. Our multi-product offering and the increasingly complex needs of our customers contribute to a longer and unpredictable sales cycle. Consequently, we often face difficulty predicting the quarter in which expected sales will actually occur. This contributes to the uncertainty and fluctuations in our future operating results.

10


In particular, the corporate decision-making and approval process of our customers and potential customers has become more complicated. This has caused our average sales cycle to further increase and, in some cases, has prevented the closure of sales that we believed were likely to close. In addition, historically our license sales have comprised a relatively small number of high value transactions; consequently, we may miss our revenue forecasts and may incur expenses that are not offset by corresponding revenue from the delay in even one transaction.

We may need additional capital, and raising such additional capital may be difficult or impossible and will likely significantly dilute existing stockholders.

We believe that existing capital resources will enable us to maintain current and planned operations for the next 12 months. However, our working capital requirements in the foreseeable future are subject to numerous risks and will depend on a variety of factors, in particular, whether we maintain or exceed the level of revenue achieved in fiscal year 2015 and that customers continue to pay on a timely basis. We may need to secure additional financing due to unforeseen or unanticipated market conditions. We may try to raise additional funds through public or private financings, strategic relationships, or other arrangements. Such financing may be difficult to obtain on terms acceptable to us, if at all. If we succeed in raising additional funds through the issuance of equity or convertible securities, then the issuance could result in substantial dilution to existing stockholders. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of debt securities or preferred stock, these new securities would have rights, preferences, and privileges senior to those of the holders of our common stock. The terms of these securities could impose restrictions on our operations.

Failure to comply with covenants in our loan facility may restrict our access to credit which could negatively impact our operations

There are a number of affirmative and negative covenants under the Comerica Credit Facility, with the primary covenants being that we are required to maintain a minimum cash balance of seventy percent (70%) of our consolidated cash at Comerica and we must maintain a liquidity to debt ratio of at least 2.00 to 1.00. If we fail to comply with our covenants, Comerica can declare any outstanding amounts immediately due and payable and stop extending credit to us. If our access to credit were restricted in this way, our operations would suffer and negatively impact our business.

Because we depend on a relatively small number of customers for a substantial portion of our revenue, the loss of any of these customers or our failure to attract new significant customers could adversely impact our revenue and harm our business

We have in the past and expect in the future to derive a substantial portion of our revenue from sales to a relatively small number of customers. The composition of these customers has varied in the past, and we expect that it will continue to vary over time. As a result, the loss of any significant customer or a decline in business with any significant customer would materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Our revenue and operating expenses are unpredictable and may fluctuate, which may harm our operating results and financial condition.

Due to the emerging nature of the multichannel contact center market and other similar factors, our revenue and operating results may fluctuate from quarter to quarter. Our revenue could fall short of expectations if we experience delays or cancellations of even a small number of orders. It is possible that our operating results in some quarters will be below the expectations of financial analysts or investors. In this event, the market price of our common stock is also likely to decline.

A number of factors are likely to cause fluctuations in our operating results, including, but not limited to, the following:

·

demand for our software and budget and spending decisions by information technology departments of our customers;

·

the mix of subscription and perpetual license transactions;

·

seasonal trends in technology purchases;

·

our ability to attract and retain customers;

·

product offerings and pricing of our competitors; and

·

litigation relating to our intellectual proprietary rights.

In addition, we base our expense levels in part on expectations regarding future revenue levels. In the short term, expenses, such as employee compensation and rent, are relatively fixed. If revenue for a particular quarter is below expectations, we may be unable to reduce our operating expenses proportionately for that quarter. Accordingly, such a revenue shortfall would have a disproportionate effect on expected operating results for that quarter. For this reason, period-to-period comparisons of our operating results may also not be a good indication of our future performance.

11


As we acquire companies or technologies, we may not realize the expected business benefits, the acquisitions could prove difficult to integrate, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect our operations.

As part of our business strategy, we periodically make investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, joint ventures, services and technologies and intellectual property rights, and we expect that we will continue to make such investments and acquisitions in the future. In August 2014, we acquired Exony Ltd. Acquisitions and investments involve numerous risks, including:

 

·

 

the potential failure to achieve the expected benefits of the combination or acquisition;

 

 

·

 

difficulties in and the cost of integrating operations, technologies, services and personnel;

 

 

·

 

diversion of financial and managerial resources from existing operations;

 

 

·

 

risk of entering new markets in which we have little or no experience or where competitors may have stronger market positions;

 

 

·

 

potential write-offs of acquired assets or investments, and potential financial and credit risks associated with acquired customers;

 

 

·

 

potential loss of key employees;

 

 

·

 

inability to generate sufficient revenue to offset acquisition or investment costs;

 

 

·

 

the inability to maintain relationships with customers and partners of the acquired business;

 

 

·

 

the difficulty of transitioning the acquired technology onto our existing platforms and maintaining the security standards consistent with our other services for such technology;

 

 

·

 

potential unknown liabilities associated with the acquired businesses;

 

 

·

 

unanticipated expenses related to acquired technology and its integration into existing technology;

 

 

·

 

negative impact to our results of operations because of the depreciation and amortization of amounts related to acquired intangible assets, fixed assets and deferred compensation, and the loss of acquired deferred revenue and unbilled deferred revenue;

 

 

·

 

delays in customer purchases due to uncertainty related to any acquisition;

 

 

·

 

the need to implement controls, procedures and policies at the acquired company;

 

 

·

 

challenges caused by distance, language and cultural differences;

 

 

·

 

in the case of foreign acquisitions, the challenges associated with integrating operations across different cultures and languages and any currency and regulatory risks associated with specific countries; and

 

 

·

 

the tax effects of any such acquisitions.

In addition, if we finance acquisitions by issuing equity or convertible or other debt securities or loans, our existing stockholders may be diluted, or we could face constraints related to the terms of repayment obligations related to the incurrence of indebtedness which could affect the market price of our common stock. Further, if we fail to properly evaluate and execute acquisitions or investments, our business operations and prospects may be seriously harmed.

We must compete successfully in our market segment.

The market for customer engagement software is intensely competitive. Other than product innovation and existing customer relationships, there are no substantial barriers to entry in this market, and established or new entities may enter this market in the future. While software internally developed by enterprises represents indirect competition, we also compete directly with packaged application software vendors, including Avaya, Inc., Genesys Telecommunications, LivePerson, Inc., and Moxie Software, Inc. In addition, we face actual or potential competition from larger software companies such as Microsoft Corporation, Oracle Corporation, Salesforce.com, Inc. and similar companies that may attempt to sell customer engagement software to their installed base.

We believe competition will continue to be fierce as current competitors increase the sophistication of their offerings and as new participants enter the market. Many of our current and potential competitors have longer operating histories, larger customer bases, broader brand recognition, and significantly greater financial, marketing and other resources. With more established and better-financed competitors, these companies may be able to undertake more extensive marketing campaigns, adopt more aggressive pricing policies, and make more attractive offers to businesses to induce them to use their products or services.

12


If we fail to expand and improve our sales performance and marketing activities, we may be unable to grow our business, negatively impacting our operating results and financial condition.

Expansion and growth of our business is dependent on our ability to expand our sales force and on the ability of our sales force to increase sales. If we are not able to effectively develop and maintain awareness of our products in a cost-effective manner, we may not achieve widespread acceptance of our existing and future products. This may result in a failure to expand and attract new customers and enhance relationships with existing customers. This may impede our efforts to improve operations in other areas of the Company and may result in declines in the market price of our common stock.

Due to the complexity of our customer engagement hub platform and related products and services, we must utilize highly trained sales personnel to educate prospective customers regarding the use and benefits of our products and services as well as provide effective customer support. If we have turnover in our sales and marketing teams, we may not be able to successfully compete with those of our competitors.

Our failure to develop and expand strategic and third party distribution channels would impede our revenue growth.

Our success and future growth depends in part upon the skills, experience, performance and continued service of our distribution partners, including software and hardware vendors and resellers. We engage with distribution partners in a number of ways, including assisting us to identify prospective customers, to distribute our products in geographies where we do not have a physical presence and to distribute our products where they are considered complementary to other third party products distributed by the partner. We believe that our future success depends in part upon our ability to develop and expand strategic, long term and profitable partnerships and reseller relationships. If we are unable to do so, or if any existing or future distribution partners fail to successfully market, resell, implement or support our products for their customers, or if distribution partners represent multiple providers and devote greater resources to market, resell, implement and support competing products and services, our future revenue growth could be impeded. Our failure to develop and expand relationships with systems integrators could harm our business.

We sometimes rely on system integrators to recommend our products to their customers and to install and support our products for their customers. We likewise depend on broad market acceptance by these system integrators of our product and service offerings. Our agreements generally do not prohibit competitive offerings and system integrators may develop market or recommend software applications that compete with our products. Moreover, if these firms fail to implement our products successfully for their customers, we may not have the resources to implement our products on the schedule required by their customers. To the extent we devote resources to these relationships and the partnerships do not proceed as anticipated or provide revenue or other results as anticipated, our business may be harmed. Once partnerships are forged, there can be no guarantee that such relationships will be renewed in the future or available on acceptable terms. If we lose strategic third party relationships, fail to renew or develop new relationships, or fail to fully exploit revenue opportunities within such relationships, our results of operations and future growth may suffer.

Our international operations involve various risks.

We derived 45% of our revenue from international sales for the fiscal year 2014 compared to 40% for the fiscal year 2013, and 44% for fiscal year 2012. Including those discussed above, our international sales operations are subject to a number of specific risks, such as:

·

general economic conditions in each country or region in which we do or plan to do business;

·

foreign currency fluctuations and imposition of exchange controls;

·

expenses associated with complying with differing technology standards and language translation issues;

·

difficulty and costs in staffing and managing our international operations;

·

difficulties in collecting accounts receivable and longer collection periods;

·

health or similar issues, such as a pandemic or epidemic;

·

various trade restrictions and tax consequences;

·

hostilities in various parts of the world; and

·

reduced intellectual property protections in some countries.

As of June 30, 2014, approximately 49% of our workforce was employed in India. Of these employees, 33% are allocated to research and development. Although the movement of certain operations internationally was principally motivated by cost cutting, the continued management of these remote operations requires significant management attention and financial resources that could adversely affect our operating performance. In addition, with the significant increase in the numbers of foreign businesses that have established operations in India, the competition to attract and retain employees there has increased significantly. As a result of the

13


increased competition for skilled workers, we experienced increased compensation costs and expect these costs to increase in the future. Our reliance on our workforce in India makes us particularly susceptible to disruptions in the business environment in that region. In particular, sophisticated telecommunications links, high-speed data communications with other eGain offices and customers, and overall consistency and stability of our business infrastructure are vital to our day-to-day operations, and any impairment of such infrastructure will cause our financial condition and results to suffer. The maintenance of stable political relations between the United States, European Union and India are also of great importance to our operations.

Any of these risks could have a significant impact on our product development, customer support, or professional services. To the extent the benefit of maintaining these operations abroad does not exceed the expense of establishing and maintaining such activities, our operating results and financial condition will suffer.

Difficulties in implementing our products could harm our revenue and margins.

We generally recognize license revenue from a customer sale when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the product has been delivered, the arrangement does not involve significant customization of the software, the license fee is fixed or determinable and collection of the fee is probable. If an arrangement requires significant customization or implementation services from us, recognition of the associated license and service revenue could be delayed. The timing of the commencement and completion of these services is subject to factors that may be beyond our control, as this process requires access to the customer’s facilities and coordination with the customer’s personnel after delivery of the software. In addition, customers could cancel or delay product implementations. Implementation typically involves working with sophisticated software, computing and communications systems. If we experience difficulties with implementation or do not meet project milestones in a timely manner, we could be obligated to devote more customer support, engineering and other resources to a particular project. Some customers may also require us to develop customized features or capabilities. If new or existing customers cancel or have difficulty deploying our products or require significant amounts of our professional services, support, or customized features, revenue recognition could be cancelled or further delayed and our costs could increase, causing increased variability in our operating results.

Our reserves may be insufficient to cover receivables we are unable to collect.

We assume a certain level of credit risk with our customers in order to do business. Conditions affecting any of our customers could cause them to become unable or unwilling to pay us in a timely manner, or at all, for products or services we have already provided them. In the past, we have experienced collection delays from certain customers, and we cannot predict whether we will continue to experience similar or more severe delays in the future. Although we have established reserves to cover losses due to delays or inability to pay, there can be no assurance that such reserves will be sufficient to cover our losses. If losses due to delays or inability to pay are greater than our reserves, it could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

We may be subject to legal liability and/or negative publicity for the services provided to consumers via our technology platforms.

Our technology platforms enable representatives of our customers as well as individual service providers to communicate with consumers and other persons seeking information or advice on the Internet. The law relating to the liability of online platform providers such as us for the activities of users of their online platforms is often challenged in the U.S. and internationally. We may be unable to prevent users of our technology platforms from providing negligent, unlawful or inappropriate advice, information or content via our technology platforms, or from behaving in an unlawful manner, and we may be subject to allegations of civil or criminal liability for negligent, fraudulent, unlawful or inappropriate activities carried out by users of our technology platforms.

Claims could be made against online services companies under both U.S. and foreign law such as fraud, defamation, libel, invasion of privacy, negligence, copyright or trademark infringement, or other theories based on the nature and content of the materials disseminated by users of our technology platforms. In addition, domestic and foreign legislation has been proposed that could prohibit or impose liability for the transmission over the Internet of certain types of information. Our defense of any of these actions could be costly and involve significant time and attention of our management and other resources.

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, or DMCA, is intended, among other things, to reduce the liability of online service providers for listing or linking to third party web properties that include materials that infringe copyrights or rights of others. Additionally, portions of The Communications Decency Act, or CDA, are intended to provide statutory protections to online service providers who distribute third party content. A safe harbor for copyright infringement is also available under the DMCA to certain online service providers that provide specific services, if the providers take certain affirmative steps as set forth in the DMCA. Important questions regarding the safe harbor under the DMCA and the CDA have yet to be litigated, and we cannot guarantee that we will meet the safe harbor requirements of the DMCA or of the CDA. If we are not covered by a safe harbor, for any reason, we could be exposed to claims, which could be costly and time-consuming to defend.

14


Unplanned system interruptions and capacity constraints and failure to effect efficient transmission of customer communications and data over the Internet could harm our business and reputation.

Our customers have in the past experienced some interruptions with eGain cloud operations. We believe that these interruptions will continue to occur from time to time. These interruptions could be due to hardware and operating system failures. As a result, our business will suffer if we experience frequent or long system interruptions that result in the unavailability or reduced performance of our hosted operations or reduce our ability to provide remote management services. We expect to experience occasional temporary capacity constraints due to sharply increased traffic or other Internet-wide disruptions, which may cause unanticipated system disruptions, slower response times, impaired quality, and degradation in levels of customer service. If this were to continue to happen, our business and reputation could be seriously harmed.

The growth in the use of the Internet has caused interruptions and delays in accessing the Internet and transmitting data over the Internet. Interruptions also occur due to systems burdens brought on by unsolicited bulk email or “Spam,” malicious service attacks and hacking into operating systems, viruses, worms and a “Trojan” horse, the proliferation of which is beyond our control and may seriously impact our and our customers’ businesses.

Because we provide Cloud-based software, interruptions or delays in Internet transmissions will harm our customers’ ability to receive and respond to online interactions. Therefore, our market depends on ongoing improvements being made to the entire Internet infrastructure to alleviate overloading and congestion.

Our success largely depends on the efficient and uninterrupted operation of our computer and communications hardware and network systems. A significant amount of our computer and communications systems are located in Sunnyvale, California. Due to our location, our systems and operations are vulnerable to damage or interruption from fire, earthquake, power loss, telecommunications failure and similar events.

We do maintain a business continuity plan for our customers in the event of an outage. We maintain other co-locations for the purposes of disaster recovery as well as maintaining back up’s of our customer’s information. We provide premium disaster recovery and standard disaster recovery to our customers.  If a customer opts not to pay for premium disaster recovery, we will only assure that their data is available within 72 hours. This delay could cause severe disruptions to our customers’s customers and may result in our customers termination of our solutions.  Our premium disaster recovery service provides for an alternative data center and a return to operations within one business day.  

We have entered into service agreements with some of our customers that require minimum performance standards, including standards regarding the availability and response time of our remote management services. If we fail to meet these standards, our customers could terminate their relationships with us, and we could be subject to contractual refunds and service credits to customers. Any unplanned interruption of services may harm our ability to attract and retain customers.

If our security measures are breached and unauthorized access is obtained to a customer’s data or our data or our IT systems, our service may be perceived as not being secure, customers may curtail or stop using our service and we may incur significant legal and financial exposure and liabilities.

Our service involves the storage and transmission of customers’ proprietary information, and security breaches could expose us to a risk of loss of this information, litigation and possible liability. These security measures may be breached as a result of third-party action, including intentional misconduct by computer hackers, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise and result in someone obtaining unauthorized access to our customers’ data or our data, including our intellectual property and other confidential business information, or our IT systems. Additionally, third parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees or customers into disclosing sensitive information such as user names, passwords or other information in order to gain access to our customers’ data or our data or IT systems. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, or to sabotage systems, change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, our customers may authorize third party access to their customer data located in our cloud environment. Because we do not control the transmissions between customer authorized third parties, or the processing of such data by customer authorized third parties, we cannot ensure the integrity or security of such transmissions or processing. Any security breach could result in a loss of confidence in the security of our service, damage our reputation, negatively impact our future sales, disrupt our business and lead to legal liability.

The terms we agree to in our Service Level Agreements or other contracts may result in increased costs or liabilities, which would in turn affect our results of operations.

Our Service Level Agreement (SLA) includes indemnification provisions and provides for service credits for system unavailability, and loss, damage or costs resulting from use of our system. If we were required to provide any of these in a material way, our results of operations would suffer.

15


We have been and may in the future be sued by third parties for various claims including alleged infringement of proprietary rights.

We are involved in various legal matters arising from the normal course of business activities. These may include claims, suits, and other proceedings involving alleged infringement of third-party patents and other intellectual property rights, and commercial, labor and employment, and other matters.

The software and Internet industries are characterized by the existence of a large number of patents, trademarks and copyrights and by frequent litigation based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. We have received in the past and may receive in the future communications from third parties claiming that we or our customers have infringed the intellectual property rights of others. In addition we have been, and may in the future be, sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their claimed proprietary rights. Our technologies and those of our customers may be subject to injunction if they are found to infringe the rights of a third party or we may be required to pay damages, or both. Many of our agreements require us to indemnify our customers for third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which would increase the cost to us of an adverse ruling on such a claim.

The outcome of any litigation, regardless of its merits, is inherently uncertain. Any claims and lawsuits, and the disposition of such claims and lawsuits, could be time-consuming and expensive to resolve, divert management attention from executing our business plan, lead to attempts on the part of other parties to pursue similar claims and, in the case of intellectual property claims, require us to change our technology, change our business practices or pay monetary damages, or enter into short- or long-term royalty or licensing agreements.

Any adverse determination related to intellectual property claims or other litigation could prevent us from offering our service to others, could be material to our financial condition or cash flows, or both, or could otherwise adversely affect our operating results. In addition, depending on the nature and timing of any such dispute, a resolution of a legal matter could materially affect our future results of operation or cash flows or both.

We rely on trademark, copyright, trade secret laws, contractual restrictions and patent rights to protect our intellectual property and proprietary rights and if these rights are impaired, then our ability to generate revenue will be harmed.

If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights adequately, our competitors might gain access to our technology, and our business might be harmed. In addition, defending our intellectual property rights might entail significant expense. Any of our trademarks or other intellectual property rights may be challenged by others or invalidated through administrative process or litigation. While we have some U.S. patents and pending U.S. patent applications, we may be unable to obtain patent protection for the technology covered in our patent applications. In addition, our existing patents and any patents issued in the future may not provide us with competitive advantages, or may be successfully challenged by third parties. Furthermore, legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights are uncertain. Effective patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret protection may not be available to us in every country in which our service is available. The laws of some foreign countries may not be as protective of intellectual property rights as those in the U.S., and mechanisms for enforcement of intellectual property rights may be inadequate. Accordingly, despite our efforts, we may be unable to prevent third parties from infringing upon or misappropriating our intellectual property.

We might be required to spend significant resources to monitor and protect our intellectual property rights. We may initiate claims or litigation against third parties for infringement of our proprietary rights or to establish the validity of our proprietary rights. Any litigation, whether or not it is resolved in our favor, could result in significant expense to us and divert the efforts of our technical and management personnel.

Our failure or inability to develop non-infringing technology or license the proprietary rights on a timely basis would harm our business.

Our products may infringe issued patents that may relate to our products because patent applications in the United States are not publicly disclosed until the patent is issued, applications may have been filed which relate to our software products. We may be subject to legal proceedings and claims from time to time in the ordinary course of our business, including claims of alleged infringement of the patents and other intellectual property rights of third parties. Intellectual property litigation is expensive, time consuming, and could divert management’s attention away from running our business. This litigation could also require us to develop non-infringing technology or enter into royalty or license agreements. These royalty or license agreements, if required, may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all, in the event of a successful claim of infringement.

16


Unknown software defects could disrupt our products and services and problems arising from our vendors’ products or services could disrupt operations, which could harm our business and reputation.

Our product and service offerings depend on complex software, both internally developed and licensed from third parties. Complex software often contains defects or errors in translation or integration, particularly when first introduced or when new versions are released or localized for international markets. We may not discover software defects that affect our new or current services or enhancements until after they are deployed. It is possible that, despite testing by us, defects may occur in the software and we can give no assurance that our products and services will not experience such defects in the future. Furthermore, our customers generally use our products together with products from other companies. As a result, when problems occur in the integration or network, it may be difficult to identify the source of the problem. Even when our products do not cause these problems, these problems may cause us to incur significant warranty and repair costs, divert the attention of our engineering personnel from product development efforts and cause significant customer relations problems. These defects or problems could result in damage to our reputation, lost sales, product liability claims, delays in or loss of market acceptance of our products, product returns and unexpected expenses, and diversion of resources to remedy errors.

Our stock price has demonstrated volatility and continued market conditions may cause declines or fluctuations.

The price at which our common stock trades has been and will likely continue to be highly volatile and show wide fluctuations due to factors such as the following:

·

concerns related to liquidity of our stock;

·

actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results, our ability to meet announced or anticipated profitability goals and changes in or failure to meet securities analysts’ expectations;

·

announcements of technological innovations and/or the introduction of new services by us or our competitors;

·

developments with respect to intellectual property rights and litigation, regulatory scrutiny and new legislation;

·

conditions and trends in the Internet and other technology industries; and

·

general market and economic conditions.

Furthermore, the stock market has recently and in the past experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that have affected the market prices for the common stock of technology companies, regardless of the specific operating performance of the affected company. These broad market fluctuations may cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

Our insiders who are significant stockholders may control the election of our board and may have interests that conflict with those of other stockholders.

Our directors and executive officers, together with their affiliates and members of their immediate families, beneficially owned, in the aggregate, approximately 41% of our outstanding capital stock as of our record date, September 9, 2014. As a result, acting together, this group has the ability to exercise significant control over most matters requiring our stockholders’ approval, including the election and removal of directors and significant corporate transactions.

If we are unable to hire and retain key personnel, our business and results of operations would be negatively affected.

Our success will also depend in large part on the skills, experience and performance of our senior management, engineering, sales, marketing and other key personnel. The loss of the services of any of our senior management or other key personnel, including our Chief Executive Officer and co-founder, Ashutosh Roy, could harm our business. Additionally, an increase in attrition in the Indian workforce on which we rely for research and development would have significant negative effects on us and our results of operations. If we cannot hire and retain qualified personnel, our ability to expand our business would be impaired and our results of operations would suffer.

Privacy concerns and laws, evolving regulation of cloud computing, cross-border data transfer restrictions and other domestic or foreign regulations may limit the use and adoption of our solutions and adversely affect our business.

Regulation related to the provision of services on the Internet is increasing, as federal, state and foreign governments continue to adopt new laws and regulations addressing data privacy and the collection, processing, storage and use of personal information. In some cases foreign data privacy laws and regulations, such as the European Union’s Data Protection Directive, and the country-specific regulations that implement that directive, also govern the processing of personal information. Further, laws are increasingly aimed at the use of personal information for marketing purposes, such as the European Union’s e-Privacy Directive, and the country-specific regulations that implement that directive. Such laws and regulations are subject to differing interpretations and may be

17


inconsistent among jurisdictions. These and other requirements could reduce demand for our solutions or restrict our ability to store and process data or, in some cases, impact our ability to offer our services and solutions in certain locations.

In addition to government activity, privacy advocacy and other industry groups have established or may establish new self-regulatory standards that may place additional burdens on us. Our customers expect us to meet voluntary certification or other standards established by third parties, such as TRUSTe. If we are unable to maintain these certifications or meet these standards, it could adversely affect our ability to provide our solutions to certain customers and could harm our business.

The costs of compliance with and other burdens imposed by laws, regulations and standards may limit the use and adoption of our service and reduce overall demand for it, or lead to significant fines, penalties or liabilities for any noncompliance.

Furthermore, concerns regarding data privacy may cause our customers’ customers to resist providing the data necessary to allow our customers to use our service effectively. Even the perception that the privacy of personal information is not satisfactorily protected or does not meet regulatory requirements could inhibit sales of our products or services, and could limit adoption of our subscription solution.

Industry-specific regulation is evolving and unfavorable industry-specific laws, regulations or interpretive positions could harm our business.

Our customers and potential customers do business in a variety of industries, including financial services, the public sector, healthcare and telecommunications. Regulators in certain industries have adopted and may in the future adopt regulations or interpretive positions regarding the use of cloud computing and other outsourced services. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, industry-specific laws, regulations and interpretive positions may limit customers’ use and adoption of our services and reduce overall demand for our services. For example, some financial services regulators have imposed guidelines for use of cloud computing services that mandate specific controls or require financial services enterprises to obtain regulatory approval prior to outsourcing certain functions. If we are unable to comply with these guidelines or controls, or if our customers are unable to obtain regulatory approval to use our service where required, our business may be harmed. In addition, an inability to satisfy the standards of certain voluntary third-party certification bodies that our customers may expect, such as an attestation of compliance with the Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standards, may have an adverse impact on our business. If in the future we are unable to achieve or maintain these industry-specific certifications or other requirements or standards relevant to our customers, it may harm our business.

In some cases, industry-specific laws, regulations or interpretive positions may also apply directly to us as a service provider. Any failure or perceived failure by us to comply with such requirements could have an adverse impact on our business.

We may need to license third-party technologies and may be unable to do so on commercially reasonable terms.

To the extent we need to license third-party technologies, we may be unable to do so on commercially reasonable terms or at all. In addition, we may fail to successfully integrate any licensed technology into our products or services. Third-party licenses may expose us to increased risks, including risks associated with the integration of new technology, the diversion of resources from the development of our own proprietary technology, and our inability to generate revenue from new technology sufficient to offset associated acquisition and maintenance costs. Our inability to obtain and successfully integrate any of these licenses could delay product and service development until equivalent technology can be identified, licensed and integrated. This in turn would harm our business and operating results.

Changes to current accounting policies could have a significant effect on our reported financial results or the way in which we conduct our business.

Generally accepted accounting principles and the related accounting pronouncements, implementation guidelines and interpretations for some of our significant accounting policies are highly complex and require subjective judgments and assumptions. Some of our more significant accounting policies that could be affected by changes in the accounting rules and the related implementation guidelines and interpretations include:

·

recognition of revenue;

·

contingencies and litigation; and

·

accounting for income taxes.

Changes in these or other rules, or scrutiny of our current accounting practices, or a determination that our judgments or assumptions in the application of these accounting principles were incorrect, could have a significant adverse effect on our reported operating results or the way in which we conduct our business.

18


We depend on broad market acceptance of our applications and of our business model.

We depend on the widespread acceptance and use of our applications as an effective solution for businesses seeking to manage high volumes of customer interactions across multiple channels, including Web, phone, email, print and in-person. While we believe the potential to be very large, we cannot accurately estimate the size or growth rate of the potential market for such product and service offerings generally, and we do not know whether our products and services in particular will achieve broad market acceptance. The market for customer engagement software is rapidly evolving, and concerns over the security and reliability of online transactions, the privacy of users and quality of service or other issues may inhibit the growth of the Internet and commercial online services. If the market for our applications fails to grow or grows more slowly than we currently anticipate, our business will be seriously harmed.

Furthermore, our business model is premised on business assumptions that are still evolving. Our business model assumes that both customers and companies will increasingly elect to communicate via multiple channels, as well as demand integration of the online channels into the traditional telephone-based call center. Our business model also assumes that many companies recognize the benefits of a hosted delivery model and will seek to have their customer engagement software applications hosted by us. If any of these assumptions is incorrect or if customers and companies do not adopt digital technology in a timely manner, our business will be seriously harmed and our stock price will decline.

We may be unable to respond to the rapid technological change and changing customer preferences in the online sales, marketing, customer service, and/or online consumer services industries and this may harm our business.

If we are unable, for technological, legal, financial or other reasons, to adapt in a timely manner to changing market conditions in the online sales, marketing, customer service and/or e-commerce industry or our customers’ or Internet users’ requirements or preferences, our business, results of operations and financial condition would be materially and adversely affected. Business on the Internet is characterized by rapid technological change. In addition, the market for online sales, marketing, customer service and expert advice solutions is relatively new. Sudden changes in customer and Internet user requirements and preferences, frequent new product and service introductions embodying new technologies, such as broadband communications, and the emergence of new industry standards and practices such as but not limited to security standards could render the LivePerson services and our proprietary technology and systems obsolete. The rapid evolution of these products and services will require that we continually improve the performance, features and reliability of our services. Our success will depend, in part, on our ability to:

·

enhance the features and performance of our services;

·

develop and offer new services that are valuable to companies doing business online as well as Internet users; and

·

respond to technological advances and emerging industry standards and practices in a cost-effective and timely manner.

If any of our new services, including upgrades to our current services, do not meet our customers’ or Internet users’ expectations, our business may be harmed. Updating our technology may require significant additional capital expenditures and could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

If new services require us to grow rapidly, this could place a significant strain on our managerial, operational, technical and financial resources. In order to manage our growth, we could be required to implement new or upgraded operating and financial systems, procedures and controls. Our failure to expand our operations in an efficient manner could cause our expenses to grow, our revenue to decline or grow more slowly than expected and could otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition

We may engage in future acquisitions or investments that could dilute our existing stockholders, cause us to incur significant expenses or harm our business.

We may review acquisition or investment prospects that we believe may complement our current business or enhance our technological capabilities. Integrating any newly acquired businesses or their technologies or products may be expensive and time-consuming, and may not result in benefits to our business. To finance any acquisitions, it may be necessary for us to raise additional funds through public or private financings. Additional funds may not be available on terms that are favorable to us, if at all, and, in the case of equity financings, may result in dilution to our existing stockholders. We may not be able to operate acquired businesses profitably. If we are unable to integrate newly acquired entities or technologies effectively, our operating results could suffer. Future acquisitions by us could also result in large and immediate write-offs, incurrence of debt and contingent liabilities, or amortization of expenses related to goodwill and other intangibles, any of which could harm our operating results.

 

ITEM  1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

19


 

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

We lease all facilities used in our business. The following table summarizes our principal properties:

 

Location

 

Principal Use

 

Approximate Square

Footage

 

 

Lease Expiration

Date

Sunnyvale, California

 

Corporate Headquarters

 

 

20,640

 

 

2022

Pune, India

 

Corporate Offices

 

 

33,262

 

 

2017

Noida, India

 

Corporate Offices

 

 

11,755

 

 

2018

Slough, England

 

Corporate Headquarters

 

 

14,173

 

 

2016

  

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

On May 20, 2013, we filed suit against Pragmatus Telecom, LLC (“Pragmatus”) in the United States District of Delaware seeking a declaratory judgment that our products and services do not infringe directly or indirectly three patents purportedly owned by Pragmatus and that the claims of the Pragmatus patents are invalid. Pragmatus previously asserted these patents against certain of our customers. Discovery continues and the matter is currently pending.

On May 17, 2013, we filed suit against Lodsys Group, LLC (“Lodsys”) in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas seeking a declaratory judgment that our products and services do not infringe directly or indirectly two patents purportedly owned by Lodsys and that the claims of the Lodsys patents are invalid. Lodsys previously asserted these patents against certain of our customers. The matter was settled on December 18, 2013. We entered into a settlement agreement which among other items provides a license to the Lodsys patents.

In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various legal proceedings and claims related to alleged infringement of third-party patents and other intellectual property rights, commercial, corporate and securities, labor and employment, wage and hour, and other claims. We have been, and may in the future be, put on notice and/or sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights, including patent infringement.

We evaluate all claims and lawsuits with respect to their potential merits, our potential defenses and counterclaims, settlement or litigation potential and the expected effect on us. Our technologies may be subject to injunction if they are found to infringe the rights of a third party. In addition, our agreements require us to indemnify our customers for third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which could increase the cost to us of an adverse ruling on such a claim.

 

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

 

 

20


PART II

 

ITEM  5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

(a) Market Information

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, high and low bid prices for eGain’s common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC.

 

Year Ended June 30, 2014

High

 

 

Low

 

First Quarter

$

15.70

 

 

$

9.31

 

Second Quarter

$

15.75

 

 

$

9.89

 

Third Quarter

$

11.04

 

 

$

6.95

 

Fourth Quarter

$

7.49

 

 

$

5.75

 

Year Ended June 30, 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Quarter

$

5.47

 

 

$

4.24

 

Second Quarter

$

4.87

 

 

$

3.72

 

Third Quarter

$

9.06

 

 

$

4.20

 

Fourth Quarter

$

9.82

 

 

$

7.32

 

 

(b) Holders

As of September 9, 2014, there were approximately 233 stockholders of record. This number does not include stockholders whose shares are held in trust by other entities. We estimate that there were approximately 3,700 beneficial stockholders of our common stock as of September 9, 2014.

(c) Dividends

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We currently anticipate that we will retain all available funds for use in the operation of our business and do not intend to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

(d) Equity Compensation Plan Information

The following table summarizes our equity compensation plans as of June 30, 2014:

 

Plan Category

 

Number of securities

to be issued upon exercise

of outstanding options

and rights

(a)

 

 

Weighted-average

exercise price of

outstanding options

and rights

(b)

 

 

Number of securities

remaining available for

future issuance under

equity compensation

plans (excluding securities

reflected in column (a)

(c)

 

Equity compensation plans approved by

   security holders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1998 Stock Plan

 

 

91,568

 

 

$

0.66

 

 

 

 

2005 Stock Incentive Plan

 

 

1,632,435

 

 

$

4.96

 

 

 

200,624

 

Equity compensation plans not approved

  by security holders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2000 Non-Management Stock Option Plan

 

 

21,180

 

 

$

0.68

 

 

 

 

2005 Management Stock Option Plan

 

 

537,207

 

 

$

2.92

 

 

 

352,481

 

Total

 

 

2,282,390

 

 

$

4.27

 

 

 

553,105

 

 

21


Equity Compensation Plans Not Approved By Security Holders

2000 Non-Management Stock Option Plan

In July 2000, our board of directors adopted the 2000 Non-Management Stock Option Plan, which provides for the grant of non-statutory stock options and stock purchase rights to employees of eGain. A total of 200,000 shares of common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2000 Non-Management Stock Option Plan. This plan expired in July 2010 and there are no further options available to grant under the 2000 Plan.

2005 Management Stock Option Plan

In May 2005, our board of directors adopted the 2005 Management Stock Option Plan, or the 2005 Management Plan, pursuant to which the Compensation Committee may grant non-qualified stock options to purchase up to 962,400 shares of eGain common stock, at an exercise price of not less than 100% of the fair market value of such common stock, to directors, officers and key employees of the Company and its subsidiaries. In both November 2007 and September 2011, our board of directors approved an increase of 500,000 shares for issuance under the 2005 Management Plan. Options granted under the 2005 Management Plan are subject to vesting as determined by the Compensation Committee. The options are exercisable for up to ten years from the date of grant.

(e) Issuer Repurchases of Equity Securities

On September 14, 2009, we announced that our board of directors approved a repurchase program under which we may purchase up to 1,000,000 shares of our common stock. The duration of the repurchase program is open-ended. Under the program, we purchase shares of common stock from time to time through the open market and privately negotiated transactions at prices deemed appropriate by management. The repurchase is funded by cash on hand. There were no shares repurchased during fiscal years 2014 and 2013.

 

22


ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with the information under “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” our consolidated financial statements, the related notes and the accompanying independent registered public accounting firm’s report, which are included in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

 

 

Year ended June 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2011

 

 

2010

 

 

(in thousands, except per share information)

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subscription and support

$

40,477

 

 

$

32,281

 

 

$

23,594

 

 

$

20,040

 

 

$

16,617

 

License

 

14,800

 

 

 

12,853

 

 

 

11,067

 

 

 

17,371

 

 

 

7,389

 

Professional services

 

14,985

 

 

 

13,755

 

 

 

8,703

 

 

 

6,654

 

 

 

5,871

 

Total revenue

 

70,262

 

 

 

58,889

 

 

 

43,364

 

 

 

44,065

 

 

 

29,877

 

Cost of subscription and support

 

8,518

 

 

 

5,495

 

 

 

5,363

 

 

 

5,273

 

 

 

4,492

 

Cost of license

 

104

 

 

 

151

 

 

 

(39

)

 

 

34

 

 

 

168

 

Cost of professional services

 

14,840

 

 

 

12,360

 

 

 

8,112

 

 

 

5,609

 

 

 

5,048

 

Total cost of revenue

 

23,462

 

 

 

18,006

 

 

 

13,436

 

 

 

10,916

 

 

 

9,708

 

Gross profit

 

46,800

 

 

 

40,883

 

 

 

29,928

 

 

 

33,149

 

 

 

20,169

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

9,963

 

 

 

8,419

 

 

 

6,132

 

 

 

5,551

 

 

 

5,510

 

Sales and marketing

 

33,367

 

 

 

24,434

 

 

 

20,086

 

 

 

14,071

 

 

 

10,184

 

General and administrative

 

7,529

 

 

 

6,787

 

 

 

5,743

 

 

 

3,974

 

 

 

3,211

 

Total operating expenses

 

50,859

 

 

 

39,640

 

 

 

31,961

 

 

 

23,596

 

 

 

18,905

 

Income / (loss) from operations

 

(4,059

)

 

 

1,243

 

 

 

(2,033

)

 

 

9,553

 

 

 

1,264

 

Interest expense, net

 

(181

)

 

 

(483

)

 

 

(722

)

 

 

(1,230

)

 

 

(1,123

)

Other income / (expense), net

 

(415

)

 

 

303

 

 

 

(677

)

 

 

245

 

 

 

(67

)

Income / (loss) before income tax provision

 

(4,655

)

 

 

1,063

 

 

 

(3,432

)

 

 

8,568

 

 

 

74

 

Income tax provision

 

(591

)

 

 

(379

)

 

 

(390

)

 

 

(196

)

 

 

(159

)

Net income / (loss)

$

(5,246

)

 

$

684

 

 

$

(3,822

)

 

$

8,372

 

 

$

(85

)

Per share information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic net income / (loss) per common share

$

(0.21

)

 

$

0.03

 

 

$

(0.16

)

 

$

0.37

 

 

$

(0.00

)

Diluted net income / (loss) per common share

$

(0.21

)

 

$

0.03

 

 

$

(0.16

)

 

$

0.34

 

 

$

(0.00

)

Weighted average shares used in computing basic

   net income / (loss) per common share

 

25,353

 

 

 

24,780

 

 

 

24,329

 

 

 

22,709

 

 

 

22,180

 

Weighted average shares used in computing diluted

   net income / (loss) per common share

 

25,353

 

 

 

26,089

 

 

 

24,329

 

 

 

24,289

 

 

 

22,180

 

Below is a summary of stock - based compensation

   included in the costs and expenses above:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

$

280

 

 

$

121

 

 

$

77

 

 

$

32

 

 

$

35

 

Research and development

$

386

 

 

$

261

 

 

$

180

 

 

$

52

 

 

$

78

 

Sales and marketing

$

464

 

 

$

360

 

 

$

274

 

 

$

46

 

 

$

49

 

General and administrative

$

397

 

 

$

339

 

 

$

325

 

 

$

88

 

 

$

82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2011

 

 

2010

 

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

   (including restricted cash)

$

8,815

 

 

$

17,235

 

 

$

10,946

 

 

$

13,096

 

 

$

5,733

 

Working capital

$

(1,885

)

 

$

2,021

 

 

$

2,860

 

 

$

4,251

 

 

$

(490

)

Total assets

$

32,647

 

 

$

43,536

 

 

$

27,943

 

 

$

28,727

 

 

$

15,958

 

Deferred revenue

$

13,713

 

 

$

19,736

 

 

$

8,083

 

 

$

5,824

 

 

$

5,103

 

Long-term debt

$

4,208

 

 

$

2,000

 

 

$

7,230

 

 

$

3,333

 

 

$

8,752

 

  

 

 

23


ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of eGain’s financial condition and results of operations should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and related notes in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties may cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements.

Overview

eGain was incorporated in Delaware in September 1997. We are a leading provider of cloud-based and on-site customer engagement solutions. For over a decade, our solutions have helped improve customer experience, grow sales, and optimize service processes across the web, social, and phone channels. Hundreds of global enterprises rely on us to transform fragmented sales engagement and customer service operations into unified customer engagement hubs.

In fiscal year 2014, we recorded annual revenue of $70.3 million and loss from operations of $4.1 million, compared to annual revenue of $58.9 million and income from operations of $1.2 million in fiscal year 2013. The year-over-year increase in total revenue was primarily driven by the 36% increase in subscription revenue as our business has shifted more toward a cloud delivery model. Subscription and support revenue was $40.5 million in fiscal year 2014, an increase of 25% from fiscal year 2013. Professional services revenue was $15.0 million in fiscal year 2014, an increase of 9% from fiscal year 2013. Cash used in operations was $4.7 million for fiscal year 2014, compared to cash provided by operations of $10.0 million for fiscal year 2013.

Based upon the strong increase in the demand for our products and services we continued to increase our investment in sales and marketing and expand our distribution capability during fiscal year 2014. If the demand continues for our products and services, we intend to continue to increase our sales and marketing investments and the expansion of distribution capability in fiscal year 2015. In addition, we intend to make further investments in product development and technology to enhance our current products and services, develop new products and services and further advance our solution offerings. We believe that existing capital resources will enable us to maintain current and planned operations for the next 12 months. Due to fluctuations in our business, we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our revenue and operating results may not be meaningful and should not be relied upon as indications of future performance, but we anticipate an increase in revenue in fiscal year 2015.

Unbilled Deferred Revenue

Unbilled deferred revenue represents business that is contracted but not yet invoiced or collected and off–balance-sheet and, accordingly, is not recorded in deferred revenue. As such, the deferred revenue balance on our consolidated balance sheet does not represent the total contract value of annual or multi-year, non-cancelable subscription agreements. As of June 30, 2014, unbilled deferred revenue decreased to $22.6 million, down from approximately $24.8 million as of June 30, 2013.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discusses our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its estimates and judgments, including those related to revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, goodwill, deferred tax valuation allowance and accrued liabilities, long-lived assets and stock-based compensation. Management bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Revenue Recognition

We enter into arrangements to deliver multiple products or services (multiple-elements). We apply software revenue recognition rules and multiple-elements arrangement revenue guidance. Significant management judgments and estimates are made and used to determine the revenue recognized in any accounting period. Material differences may result in changes to the amount and timing of our revenue for any period if different conditions were to prevail. We present revenue net of taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities.

24


We derive revenue from three sources:

(i) Subscription and support fees primarily consist of cloud revenue from customers accessing our enterprise cloud computing services, term license revenue, and maintenance and support revenue;

(ii) License fees primarily consist of perpetual software license revenue;

(iii) Professional services primarily consist of consulting, implementation services and training.

Revenues are recognized when all of the following criteria are met:

·

Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists: Evidence of an arrangement consists of a written contract signed by both the customer and management prior to the end of the period. We use signed software license, services agreements and order forms as evidence of an arrangement for sales of software, cloud, maintenance and support. We use a signed statement of work as evidence of arrangement for professional services.

·

Delivery or performance has occurred: Software is delivered to customers electronically or on a CD-ROM, and license files are delivered electronically. Delivery is considered to have occurred when we provide the customer access to the software along with login credentials.

·

Fees are fixed or determinable: We assess whether the fee is fixed or determinable based on the payment terms associated with the transaction. Arrangements where a significant portion of the fee is due beyond 90 days from delivery are generally not considered to be fixed or determinable.

·

Collectibility is probable: We assess collectibility based on a number of factors, including the customer’s past payment history and its current creditworthiness. Payment terms generally range from 30 to 90 days from invoice date. If we determine that collection of a fee is not reasonably assured, we defer the revenue and recognize it at the time collection becomes reasonably assured, which is generally upon receipt of cash payment.

We apply the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, 985-605, Software Revenue Recognition, to all transactions involving the licensing of software products. In the event of a multiple element arrangement for a license transaction, we evaluate the transaction as if each element represents a separate unit of accounting taking into account all factors following the accounting standards. We apply ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, for cloud transactions to determine the accounting treatment for multiple elements. We also apply ASC 605-35 for fixed fee arrangements in which we use the percentage of completion method to recognize revenue when reliable estimates are available for the costs and efforts necessary to complete the implementation services. When such estimates are not available, the completed contract method is utilized. Under the completed contract method, revenue is recognized only when a contract is completed or substantially complete.

When licenses are sold together with system implementation and consulting services, license fees are recognized upon shipment, provided that (i) payment of the license fees is not dependent upon the performance of the consulting and implementation services, (ii) the services are available from other vendors, (iii) the services qualify for separate accounting as we have sufficient experience in providing such services, have the ability to estimate cost of providing such services, and we have vendor specific objective evidence, or VSOE, of fair value, and (iv) the services are not essential to the functionality of the software.

We enter into arrangements with multiple-deliverables that generally include subscription, maintenance and support, and professional services. We evaluate whether each of the elements in these arrangements represents a separate unit of accounting, as defined by ASC 605, using all applicable facts and circumstances, including whether (i) we sell or could readily sell the element unaccompanied by the other elements, (ii) the element has stand-alone value to the customer, and (iii) there is a general right of return. We use VSOE, of fair value for each of those units, when available. For revenue recognition with multiple-deliverable elements, in certain limited circumstances when VSOE of fair value does not exist, we apply the selling price hierarchy, which includes VSOE, third-party evidence of selling price, or TPE, and best estimate of selling price, or BESP. We determine the relative selling price for a deliverable based on its VSOE, if available, or its BESP, if VSOE is not available. We determined that TPE is not a practical alternative due to differences in its service offerings compared to other parties and the availability of relevant third-party pricing information.

We determine BESP by considering our overall pricing objectives and market conditions. Significant pricing practices taken into consideration include our discounting practices, the size and volume of our transactions, the customer demographic, the geographic area where services are sold, price lists, its go-to-market strategy, historical standalone sales and contract prices. The determination of BESP is made through consultation with and approval by our management, taking into consideration the go-to-market strategy. As our go-to-market strategies evolve, we may modify its pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes in relative selling prices, including both VSOE and BESP.

25


Subscription and Support Revenue

Cloud Revenue

Cloud revenue consists of subscription fees from customers accessing our cloud-based service offerings. We recognize cloud revenue ratably over the period of the applicable agreement as services are provided. Cloud agreements typically have an initial term of one or two years and automatically renew unless either party cancels the agreement. The majority of the cloud services customers purchase a combination of our cloud service and professional services. In some cases, the customer may also acquire a license for our software.

We consider the applicability of ASC 985-605, on a contract-by-contract basis. In cloud-based agreements, where the customer does not have the contractual right to take possession of the software, the revenue is recognized on a monthly basis over the term of the contract. Invoiced amounts are recorded in accounts receivable and in deferred revenue or revenue, depending on whether the revenue recognition criteria have been met. We consider a software element to exist when we determine that the customer has the contractual right to take possession of our software at any time during the cloud period without significant penalty and can feasibly run the software on its own hardware or enter into another arrangement with a third party to host the software. Additionally, we have established VSOE for the cloud and maintenance and support elements of perpetual license sales, based on the prices charged when sold separately and substantive renewal terms. Accordingly, when a software element exists in a cloud services arrangement, license revenue for the perpetual software license element is determined using the residual method and is recognized upon delivery. Revenue for the cloud and maintenance and support elements is recognized ratably over the contractual time period. Professional services are recognized as described below under “Professional Services Revenue.” If VSOE of fair value cannot be established for the undelivered elements of an agreement, the entire amount of revenue from the arrangement is recognized ratably over the period that these elements are delivered.

Term License Revenue

Term license revenue includes arrangements where our customers receive license rights to use our software along with bundled maintenance and support services for the term of the contract. The majority of our contracts provide customers with the right to use one or more products up to a specific license capacity. Certain of our license agreements stipulate that customers can exceed pre-determined base capacity levels, in which case additional fees are specified in the license agreement. Term license revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the license contract.

Maintenance and Support Revenue

Maintenance and support revenue consists of customers purchasing maintenance and support for our on-premise software. We use VSOE of fair value for maintenance and support to account for the arrangement using the residual method, regardless of any separate prices stated within the contract for each element. Maintenance and support revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the maintenance contract, which is typically one year. Maintenance and support is renewable by the customer on an annual basis. Maintenance and support rates, including subsequent renewal rates, are typically established based upon a specified percentage of net license fees as set forth in the arrangement.

License Revenue

License revenue consists of perpetual license rights sold to customers to use our software in conjunction with related maintenance and support services If an acceptance period is required, revenue is recognized upon the earlier of customer acceptance or the expiration of the acceptance period. In software arrangements that include rights to multiple software products and/or services, we use the residual method under which revenue is allocated to the undelivered elements based on VSOE of the fair value of such undelivered elements. The residual amount of revenue is allocated to the delivered elements and recognized as revenue, assuming all other criteria for revenue recognition have been met. Such undelivered elements in these arrangements typically consist of software maintenance and support, implementation and consulting services and in some cases cloud services.

License sales to resellers as a percentage of total revenue were approximately 11%, 6% and 2% in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Revenue from sales to resellers is generally recognized upon delivery to the reseller dependent on the facts and circumstances of the transaction. These include items such as our understanding of the reseller’s plans to sell the software, existence of return provisions, price protection or other allowances, the reseller’s financial status and our past experience with the reseller. Historically sales to resellers have not included any return provisions, price protections or other allowances.

26


Professional Services Revenue

Professional services revenue includes system implementation, consulting and training. For license transactions, the majority of our consulting and implementation services qualify for separate accounting. We use VSOE of fair value for the services to account for the arrangement using the residual method, regardless of any separate prices stated within the contract for each element. Our consulting and implementation service contracts are bid either on a fixed-fee basis or on a time-and-materials basis. Substantially all of our contracts are on a time-and-materials basis. For time-and-materials contracts, where the services are not essential to the functionality, we recognize revenue as services are performed. If the services are essential to functionality, then both the product license revenue and the service revenue are recognized under the percentage of completion method. For a fixed-fee contract, we recognize revenue based upon the costs and efforts to complete the services in accordance with the percentage of completion method, provided we are able to estimate such cost and efforts.

Under ASC 605-25, in order to account for deliverables in a multiple-deliverable arrangement as separate units of accounting, the deliverables must have standalone value upon delivery. For cloud services, in determining whether professional services have standalone value, we consider the following factors for each professional services agreement: availability of the services from other vendors, the nature of the professional services, the timing of when the professional services contract was signed in comparison to the subscription service start date and the contractual dependence of the subscription service on the customer’s satisfaction with the professional services work.

We determined at or around July 1, 2013 that we had established standalone value for consulting and implementation services. This was primarily due to the change in our business focus, the growing number of partners we trained and certified to perform these deployment services and the consequential sale of subscription services without bundled implementation service. Revenues earned from professional services related to consulting and implementation of a majority of our core subscription services are being accounted for separately from revenues earned from subscription services beginning July 1, 2013 when the standalone value was established for those professional services.

For those contracts that have standalone value, we recognized the services revenue when rendered for time and material contracts, when the milestones are achieved and accepted by the customer for fixed price contracts or by percentage of completion basis if there is no acceptance criteria.

For cloud, consulting and implementation services that do not qualify for separate accounting, we recognize the services revenue ratably over the estimated life of the customer cloud relationship, once cloud has gone live or system ready. We currently estimate the life of the customer cloud relationship to be approximately 28 months, based on the average life of all cloud customer relationships.

Training revenue that meets the criteria to be accounted for separately is recognized when training is provided.

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue primarily consists of payments received in advance of revenue recognition from cloud, term license, and maintenance and support services and is recognized as the revenue recognition criteria are met. We generally invoice customers in annual or quarterly installments. The deferred revenue balance does not represent the total contract value of annual or multi-year, non-cancelable cloud or maintenance and support agreements. Deferred revenue is influenced by several factors, including seasonality, the compounding effects of renewals, invoice duration, invoice timing and new business linearity within the quarter.

Deferred revenue that will be recognized during the succeeding twelve-month period is recorded as current deferred revenue and the remaining portion is recorded as noncurrent. In June 30, 2014, deferred revenue decreased to $13.7 million, compared to $19.7 million at June 30, 2013.

Deferred Commissions

Deferred commissions are the direct and incremental costs directly associated with cloud contracts with customers and consist of sales commissions to our direct sales force.

The commissions are deferred and amortized over the terms of the related customer contracts, which are typically one or two years. The commission payments are paid based on contract terms in the month following the quarter in which the commissions are earned. The deferred commission amounts are recognized as sales and marketing expense in the consolidated statements of operations over the terms of the related customer contracts, in proportion to the recognition of the associated revenue.

27


Stock-Based Compensation

We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation. Under the fair value recognition provisions of ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as an expense over the vesting period. Determining the fair value of the stock-based awards at the grant date requires significant judgment and the use of estimates, particularly surrounding Black-Scholes valuation assumptions such as stock price volatility and expected option lives. We determine the appropriate measure of expected volatility by reviewing historic volatility in the share price of our common stock, as adjusted for certain events that management deems to be non-recurring and non-indicative of future events. We base our estimate of expected life on the historical exercise behavior, cancellations of all past option grants made by us during the time period in which our equity shares have been publicly traded, the contractual term, the vesting period and the expected remaining term of the option. Based on our historical experience of option pre-vesting cancellations, we have assumed an annualized 8% forfeiture rate for our options. We record additional expense if the actual forfeiture rate is lower than we estimated, and record a recovery of prior expense if the actual forfeiture is higher than what we estimated.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

In accordance with ASC 350, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, we review goodwill annually for impairment or sooner whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that they may be impaired. These events or circumstances could include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, or sale or disposition of a significant portion of a reporting unit. In addition, we evaluate purchased intangible assets to determine that all such assets have determinable lives. We operate under a single reporting unit and accordingly, all of our goodwill is associated with the entire company. We performed annual impairment reviews for fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012 and found no impairment.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We extend unsecured credit to customers on a regular basis. Our accounts receivable are derived from revenue earned from customers and are not interest bearing. We also maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts to reserve for potential uncollectible trade receivables. We review our trade receivables by aging category to identify specific customers with known disputes or collectability issues. We exercise judgment when determining the adequacy of these reserves as we evaluate historical bad debt trends, general economic conditions in the U.S. and internationally, and changes in customer financial conditions. If we make different judgments or utilize different estimates, then material differences may result in additional reserves for trade receivables, which would be reflected by charges in general and administrative expenses for any period presented. We write-off a receivable after all collection efforts have been exhausted and the amount is deemed uncollectible.

Leases

Lease agreements are evaluated to determine whether they are capital or operating leases in accordance with ASC 840, Leases. When any one of the four test criteria in ASC 840 is met, the lease then qualifies as a capital lease.

Capital leases are capitalized at the lower of the net present value of the total amount payable under the leasing agreement (excluding finance charges) or the fair market value of the leased asset. Capital lease assets are depreciated on a straight-line basis, over a period consistent with our normal depreciation policy for tangible fixed assets, but not exceeding the lease term. Interest charges are expensed over the period of the lease in relation to the carrying value of the capital lease obligation.

Rent expense for operating leases, which may include free rent or fixed escalation amounts in addition to minimum lease payments, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the duration of each lease term.

Deferred Tax Valuation Allowance

When we prepare our consolidated financial statements, we estimate our income tax liability for each of the various jurisdictions where we conduct business. This requires us to estimate our actual current tax exposure and to assess temporary differences that result from differing treatment of certain items for tax and accounting purposes. The net deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based upon weighted available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. We must make significant judgments to determine our provision for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and liabilities and any valuation allowance to be recorded against our net deferred tax assets. As of June 30, 2014, we had a valuation allowance of approximately $74.1 million of which approximately $69.2 million was attributable to U.S. and state net operating losses and research and development credit carryforwards.

28


We apply ASC 740, Income Taxes, in determining any uncertain tax positions. The guidance seeks to reduce the diversity in practice associated with certain aspects of measurement and recognition in accounting for income taxes and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position that an entity takes or expects to take in a tax return. Additionally, ASC 740 provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. Under ASC 740, an entity may only recognize or continue to recognize tax positions that meet a “more likely than not” threshold. In accordance with our accounting policy, we recognize accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of “other income and expense, net” in the consolidated statements of operations.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and debt, including related party debt. We do not have any derivative financial instruments. We believe the reported carrying amounts of these financial instruments approximate fair value, based upon their short-term nature and comparable market information available at the respective balance sheet dates.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth certain items reflected in our consolidated statements of operations expressed as a percent of total revenue for the periods indicated.

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subscription and support

 

58

%

 

 

55

%

 

 

54

%

License

 

21

%

 

 

22

%

 

 

26

%

Professional services

 

21

%

 

 

23

%

 

 

20

%

Total revenue

 

100

%

 

 

100

%

 

 

100

%

Cost of subscription and support

 

12

%

 

 

10

%

 

 

12

%

Cost of license

 

0

%

 

 

0

%

 

 

0

%

Cost of professional services

 

21

%

 

 

21

%

 

 

19

%

Total cost of revenue

 

33

%

 

 

31

%

 

 

31

%

Gross profit

 

67

%

 

 

69

%

 

 

69

%

Operating Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

14

%

 

 

14

%

 

 

14

%

Sales and marketing

 

48

%

 

 

41

%

 

 

47

%

General and administrative

 

11

%

 

 

12

%

 

 

13

%

Total operating expenses

 

73

%

 

 

67

%

 

 

74

%

Income / (loss) from operations

 

(6

)%

 

 

2

%

 

 

(5

)%

  

Revenue

Total revenue, which consists of subscription and support, license and professional services revenue, was $70.3 million, $58.9 million, and $43.4 million, in fiscal years 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively.

In fiscal year 2014, total revenue increased 19% or $11.4 million, from the prior year. Our international sales accounted for approximately 45% of total revenue in fiscal year 2014, an increase from 40% of total revenue in fiscal year 2013. The impact of the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro and British pound in total revenue was $1.3 million in fiscal year 2014 and was minimal in fiscal year 2013. There were two different customers that accounted for 16% and 10% of total revenue in fiscal year 2014. Two different customers accounted for 18% and 10% of total revenue in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively.

29


Subscription and Support Revenue

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cloud

$

26,010

 

 

$

19,056

 

 

$

11,196

 

 

$

6,954

 

 

 

36

%

 

$

7,860

 

 

 

70

%

Maintenance and support

$

14,467

 

 

$

13,225

 

 

$

12,398

 

 

$

1,242

 

 

 

9

%

 

$

827

 

 

 

7

%

Total subscription and support revenue

$

40,477

 

 

$

32,281

 

 

$

23,594

 

 

$

8,196

 

 

 

25

%

 

$

8,687

 

 

 

37

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

58

%

 

 

55

%

 

 

54

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Subscription and support revenue includes cloud and software maintenance and support revenue. Subscription and support revenue was $40.5 million, $32.3 million, and $23.6 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 25% or $8.2 million, in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 37%, or $8.7 million, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012. Subscription and support revenue represented 58%, 55%, and 54% of total revenue for the fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Cloud revenue was $26.0 million, $19.1 million and $11.2 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 36%, or $7.0 million in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 70%, or $7.9 million, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012.

The increase in fiscal year 2014 was primarily due to the increase in new cloud contracts from prior year enterprise customers that are recognized ratably over an average contractual term of 24 months. The impact from the foreign currency fluctuations on cloud revenue was an increase of $280,000 in fiscal year 2014.

The increase in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to the continued shift from license to our cloud model. The increase in new cloud contracts with current enterprise customers included two new cloud contracts totaling approximately $13.1 million that are recognized ratably over the contractual term. The impact from the foreign currency fluctuations on cloud revenue was minimal in fiscal year 2013.

Excluding the impact from any further foreign currency fluctuations, we expect cloud revenue to increase in fiscal year 2015 based upon current renewal rates for existing cloud customers and the projected levels of new cloud agreements.

Maintenance and support revenue consists of technical support and software upgrades and enhancements. Maintenance and support revenue was $14.5 million, $13.2 million and $12.4 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 9% or $1.2 million in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 7%, or $827,000 in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012.

Excluding the impact from any future foreign currency fluctuation, we expect maintenance and support revenue to increase in fiscal year 2015 based upon the current renewal rates for existing maintenance and support customers and the projected levels of new license sales.

License Revenue

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

License

$

14,800

 

 

$

12,853

 

 

$

11,067

 

 

$

1,947

 

 

 

15

%

 

$

1,786

 

 

 

16

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

21

%

 

 

22

%

 

 

26

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

License revenue was $14.8 million, $12.9 million, and $11.1 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively. This represents an increase of 15% or $1.9 million, in fiscal year 2014 from fiscal year 2013, compared to an increase of 16% or $1.8 million, in fiscal year 2013 from fiscal year 2012. License revenue represented 21%, 22%, and 26% of total revenue for the fiscal years 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively.

The increase in license revenue is primarily attributable to increased demand from new and existing customers. New license and support transactions in fiscal year 2014 included approximately $19.7 million from numerous transactions with an average deal size of $170,000. The impact from the foreign currency fluctuations on license revenue was an increase of $290,000 in fiscal year 2014.

30


New license and support transactions in fiscal year 2013 included approximately $7.6 million from five transactions with an average deal size of $1.5 million from new and existing customers. The impact from the foreign currency fluctuations on license revenue was minimal in fiscal year 2013.

Given the general unpredictability in the length of current sales cycles, the mix between cloud and license transactions, the uncertainty in the global economy and the volatility of the value of the British pound and Euro in relation to the U.S. dollar, license revenue may increase or decrease in future periods, but we anticipate total license revenue to increase in fiscal year 2015.

Professional Services Revenue

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Professional services

$

14,985

 

 

$

13,755

 

 

$

8,703

 

 

$

1,230

 

 

 

9

%

 

$

5,052

 

 

 

58

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

21

%

 

 

23

%

 

 

20

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Professional services revenue was $15.0 million, $13.8 million and $8.7 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 9%, or $1.2 million in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 58%, or $5.1 million, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012.

The increase in fiscal year 2014 was primarily due to the increase in demand for our services and increase in managed customers who migrated from on-premise to the cloud. The impact from the foreign currency fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and the British pound on professional services revenue was an increase of $395,000 in fiscal year 2014.

The increase in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to the increase in demand for our services and increase in managed customers who migrated from on-premise to the cloud. The impact from the foreign currency fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and the British pound on professional services revenue was an increase of $202,000 in fiscal year 2013.

Excluding the impact from any future foreign currency fluctuations, we expect professional services revenue to increase in fiscal year 2015 based upon our current sales pipeline and current sales trend.

Cost of Revenue

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cost of revenue

$

23,462

 

 

$

18,006

 

 

$

13,436

 

 

$

5,456

 

 

 

30

%

 

$

4,570

 

 

 

34

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

33

%

 

 

31

%

 

 

31

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

67

%

 

 

69

%

 

 

69

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Total cost of revenue was $23.5 million, $18.0 million and $13.4 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 30%, or $5.5 million, in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 34%, or $4.6 million, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012.

Total cost of revenue as a percentage of total revenue was 33% for fiscal year 2014 and 31% for fiscal years 2013 and 2012.

The increase in fiscal year 2014 was primarily due to increases of (i) $4.0 million in personnel and personnel-related expenses from the increased headcount and Company-wide compensation increases, (ii) $1.2 million in cloud related expenses, (iii) $343,000 in outside consulting expense, and (iv) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $78,000 related to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the Euro, British pound, and Indian rupee partially offset by a decrease of $47,000 in license related expenses.

The increase in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to increases of (i) $3.9 million in personnel and personnel-related expenses from the increased headcount and Company-wide compensation increases, (ii) $414,000 in outside consulting expense, (iii) 288,000 in cloud related expenses, and (iv) 190,000 in license related expenses partially offset by decreases in (i) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $245,000 related to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the Euro, British pound, and Indian rupee.

Gross margin was 67% in fiscal year 2014 and 69% for fiscal years 2013 and 2012.

31


In order to better understand the changes within our cost of revenue and resulting gross margins, we have provided the following discussion of the individual components of our cost of revenue.

Cost of Subscription and Support

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cost of subscription and support

$

8,518

 

 

$

5,495

 

 

$

5,363

 

 

$

3,023

 

 

 

55

%

 

$

132

 

 

 

2

%

Percentage of subscription and support revenue

 

21

%

 

 

17

%

 

 

23

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

79

%

 

 

83

%

 

 

77

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Cost of subscription and support revenue includes personnel costs for our cloud services and maintenance and support. It also includes depreciation of capital equipment used in our hosted network, cost of support for the third-party software, and lease costs paid to remote co-location centers.

Total cost of subscription and support revenue was $8.5 million, $5.5 million and $5.4 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 55%, or $3.0 million, in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 2%, or $132,000, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012. Total cost of subscription and support revenue as a percentage of total subscription and support revenue was 21% (a gross margin of 79%) in fiscal year 2014 compared to 17% (a gross margin of 83%) in fiscal year 2013 and 23% (a gross margin of 77%) in fiscal year 2012.

The increase in cost of subscription and support revenue in fiscal year 2014 was primarily due to increases of (i) $1.8 million in personnel and personnel-related expenses, (ii) $1.2 million in cloud related expenses, and (iii) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $52,000 from the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro, British pound and Indian rupee partially offset by a decrease of $51,000 in outside consulting services.

The increase in cost of subscription and support revenue in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to increases of (i) $288,000 in cloud related expenses and (ii) $35,000 in outside consulting services partially offset by decreases of (i) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $104,000 from the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro, British pound and Indian rupee, and (ii) $77,000 in personnel and personnel-related expenses, and (iii) $10,000 in support of third party software.

Excluding the impact from any future foreign currency fluctuations, we anticipate cost of subscription and support revenue to increase in fiscal year 2015 and the gross margin to decrease when compared to fiscal year 2014, as we continue to invest in our cloud infrastructure.

Cost of License

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of license

$

104

 

 

$

151

 

 

$

(39

)

 

$

(47

)

 

 

(31

)%

 

$

190

 

 

 

487

%

Percentage of license revenue

 

1

%

 

 

1

%

 

 

0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

99

%

 

 

99

%

 

 

100

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Cost of license primarily includes third-party software royalties and delivery costs for shipments to customers. Total cost of license was $104,000, $151,000 and $(39,000) in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented a decrease of 31%, or $47,000 in fiscal year 2014 compared to 2013 and an increase of 487%, or $190,000, in fiscal year 2013 compared to 2012. Total cost of license as a percentage of total license revenue was approximately 1% (a gross margin of 99%) in fiscal years 2014 and 2013 compared to 0% (a gross margin of 100%) in fiscal year 2012.

The decrease in cost of license in fiscal years 2014 was primarily due to decrease in third party royalties expense. The increase in cost of license in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to increases in third party royalty expense.

We anticipate cost of license as a percentage of total license revenue to increase slightly in future periods.

32


Cost of Professional Services

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cost of professional services

$

14,840

 

 

$

12,360

 

 

$

8,112

 

 

$

2,480

 

 

 

20

%

 

$

4,248

 

 

 

52

%

Percentage of professional services

 

99

%

 

 

90

%

 

 

93

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

1

%

 

 

10

%

 

 

7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Cost of professional services includes personnel costs for consulting services. Total cost of professional services was $14.8 million, $12.4 million and $8.1 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 20% or $2.5 million, in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 52%, or $4.2 million, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012. Total cost of professional services as a percentage of total professional services revenue was 99% (a gross margin of 1%) in fiscal year 2014 compared to 90% (a gross margin of 10%) in fiscal year 2013 and 93% (a gross margin of 7%) in fiscal year 2012.

The increase in cost of professional services in fiscal year 2014 was primarily due to increases of (i) $2.0 million in personnel and personnel-related expense from the increased headcount and Company-wide compensation increases, (ii) $395,000 in outside consulting expenses, and (iii) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $25,000 from the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro, British pound and Indian rupee.

The increase in cost of professional services in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to increases of (i) $4.0 million in personnel and personnel-related expense from the increased headcount and Company-wide compensation increases and (ii) $379,000 in outside consulting expenses partially offset by a decrease in international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $142,000 from the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro, British pound and Indian rupee.

Excluding the impact from any future foreign currency fluctuations, we anticipate cost of professional services to increase in absolute dollars and gross margin to remain relatively constant in future periods.

Research and Development

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Research and development

$

9,963

 

 

$

8,419

 

 

$

6,132

 

 

$

1,544

 

 

 

18

%

 

$

2,287

 

 

 

37

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

14

%

 

 

14

%

 

 

14

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Research and development expenses primarily consist of compensation and benefits for our engineering, product management and quality assurance personnel, and, to a lesser extent, occupancy costs and related overhead. Research and development expense was $10.0 million, $8.4 million and $6.1 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This represented an increase of 18% or $1.5 million in the fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 and an increase of 37%, or $2.3 million, in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012. Total research and development expenses as a percentage of total revenue was 14% in the fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012.

The increase in research and development expense in fiscal year 2014 was primarily due to an increase of $1.9 million in personnel and personnel-related expenses from the increased headcount and Company-wide compensation increases partially offset by decreases of (i) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $254,000 from the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro, British pound and Indian rupee and (ii) $89,000 in outside consulting expenses.

The increase in research and development expense in fiscal year 2013 was primarily due to an increase of $2.6 million in personnel and personnel-related expenses from the increased headcount and Company-wide compensation increases partially offset by decreases of (i) international subsidiaries’ expenses of approximately $171,000 from the foreign exchange fluctuation between the U.S. dollar, the Euro, British pound and Indian rupee and (ii) $128,000 in outside consulting expenses.

Excluding any fluctuation of foreign exchange rates in the Euro, British pound, and Indian rupee against the U.S. dollar, we anticipate research and development expense to increase as a percentage of total revenue in fiscal year 2015 based upon our current product development plans.

33


Sales and Marketing

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended June 30

 

 

Year-Over-Year Change

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013 to 2014

 

 

2012 to 2013

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Sales

$

28,607

 

 

$

21,053

 

 

$

16,483